e10vq
 



UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2003

Commission File No.: 0-50231

Federal National Mortgage Association

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Fannie Mae

     
Federally chartered corporation
  52-0883107
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation
or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
3900 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
  20016
Washington, DC   (Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
   

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (202) 752-7000

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

x Yes                    o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

o Yes                    x No

As of the close of business on October 31, 2003, there were 971,666,724 shares of common stock outstanding.




 

CROSS-REFERENCE INDEX TO FORM 10-Q

             
Page

PART I
  FINANCIAL INFORMATION     1  
ITEM 1.
  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS     36  
    Independent Accountant’s Review Report     36  
    Statements of Income     37  
    Balance Sheets     38  
    Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity     39  
    Statements of Cash Flows     40  
    Notes to Financial Statements     41  
ITEM 2.
  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
    1  
    Selected Financial Data     1  
    Results of Operations     3  
    Core Business Earnings and Business Segment Results     9  
    Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements     25  
    Critical Accounting Policies     27  
    Risk Management     27  
    Liquidity and Capital Resources     33  
    Pending Accounting Standards     35  
ITEM 3.
  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK     52  
ITEM 4.
  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES     52  
PART II
  OTHER INFORMATION     53  
ITEM 1.
  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS     53  
ITEM 2.
  CHANGES IN SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS     53  
ITEM 3.
  DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES     53  
ITEM 4.
  SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS     53  
ITEM 5.
  OTHER INFORMATION     53  
ITEM 6.
  EXHIBITS AND REPORTS ON FORM 8-K     54  
SIGNATURES     55  
CERTIFICATION     57  

The interim financial information provided in this report reflects all adjustments that, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods. Such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature, unless otherwise disclosed in this Form 10-Q. The results of operations in our interim financial statements are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year. The interim financial information should be read in conjunction with Fannie Mae’s 2002 Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and available on our website at www.fanniemae.com/ir and the SEC’s web site at www.sec.gov under “Federal National Mortgage Association” or CIK number 0000310522. We do not intend these internet addresses to be active links. Therefore, other than our 2002 Annual Report on Form 10-K, the information that appears on these web sites is not incorporated into this Form 10-Q.


 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 
Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following selected financial data includes performance measures and ratios based on our reported results and core business earnings, a supplemental non-GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) measure used by management in operating our business. Our core business earnings measures are not defined terms within GAAP and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis (‘MD&A’)—Core Business Earnings and Business Segment Results” for a discussion of how we use core business earnings measures and why we believe they are helpful to investors. Our results for the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2003 and 2002 are unaudited and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation. We have reclassified certain prior period amounts to conform to our current year presentation. Results for the reported period are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.

                                 
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




(Dollars and shares in millions,
except per share amounts)
Reported Earnings Data:
                               

                               
Net income
  $ 2,666     $ 994     $ 5,708     $ 3,667  
Preferred stock dividends and issuance costs
    (42 )     (26 )     (106 )     (91 )
     
     
     
     
 
Net income available to common stockholders
  $ 2,624     $ 968     $ 5,602     $ 3,576  
     
     
     
     
 
Basic earnings per common share
  $ 2.70     $ .98     $ 5.72     $ 3.60  
Diluted earnings per common share
    2.69       .97       5.70       3.58  
Weighted-average diluted common shares outstanding
    976       994       983       999  
Cash dividends per common share
  $ .45     $ .33     $ 1.23     $ .99  
Net interest yield, taxable-equivalent basis
    1.56 %     1.35 %     1.59 %     1.33 %
Return on average assets
    1.09       .47       .80       .58  
Return on common equity
    63.8       28.7       50.1       31.4  
Average equity to average assets
    2.1       1.8       2.0       2.1  
Ratio of earnings to combined fixed charges and preferred stock dividends(1)
    1.37:1       1.13:1       1.26:1       1.15:1  
Core Business Earnings Data:(2)
                               

                               
Core business earnings(3)
  $ 1,826     $ 1,631     $ 5,535     $ 4,722  
Core business earnings per diluted common share
    1.83       1.61       5.52       4.64  
Core taxable-equivalent revenues(4)
    3,803       2,987       11,386       8,798  
Net interest margin, taxable-equivalent basis(5)
    1.20 %     1.16 %     1.25 %     1.16 %
Core return on average assets(6)
    .74       .78       .78       .76  
Core return on average realized common equity(7)
    25.4       26.2       27.0       25.9  
                                   
September 30, December 31,
2003 2002


Balance Sheet Data:
                               

                               
Mortgage portfolio, net
  $ 921,171     $ 801,043                  
Liquid assets
    57,432       58,204                  
Total assets
    1,019,171       887,515                  
Borrowings:
                               
 
Due within one year
    496,314       382,412                  
 
Due after one year
    479,420       468,570                  
Total liabilities
    1,001,647       871,227                  
Preferred stock
    4,108       2,678                  
Stockholders’ equity
    17,524       16,288                  
Core capital(8)
    32,752       28,079                  
Total capital(9)
    33,542       28,871                  

1


 

                                 
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




Other Performance Measures:
                               

                               
Average effective guaranty fee rate(10)
    .200 %     .190 %     .205 %     .186 %
Credit loss ratio(11)
    .007       .003       .005       .004  
Administrative expense ratio(12)
    .066       .073       .070       .073  
Efficiency ratio(13)
    9.1       10.5       9.2       10.3  
Mortgage purchases(14)
  $ 253,908     $ 74,227     $ 513,873     $ 222,090  
MBS issues acquired by others(15)
    173,858       112,592       660,293       322,305  
Business volume(16)
    427,766       186,819       1,174,166       544,395  
                                 
September 30, December 31,
2003 2002


Gross mortgage portfolio(17)
  $ 917,123     $ 790,800                  
Outstanding MBS(18)
    1,211,079       1,029,456                  
Book of business(19)
    2,128,202       1,820,256                  


  (1)  “Earnings” consists of income before (a) federal income taxes and (b) fixed charges. Fixed charges represent interest expense.
 
  (2)  See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations— Core Business Earnings and Business Segment Results” for additional discussion of our supplemental non-GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) core business earnings measures and for a reconciliation to comparable GAAP measures.
 
  (3)  Core business earnings is a non-GAAP measure developed by management in conjunction with the adoption of FAS 133 to evaluate and assess the quality of Fannie Mae’s earnings from its principal business activities on a consistent basis. Core business earnings is presented on a net of tax basis and excludes changes in the time value of purchased options recorded under FAS 133 and includes purchased options premiums amortized on a straight-line basis over the original estimated life of the option, together with any acceleration of expense related to options extinguished prior to exercise.
 
  (4)  A non-GAAP measure that includes revenues net of operating losses, primarily on low-income housing tax credit limited partnerships, and purchased options premiums amortization expense, adjusted to include taxable-equivalent amounts of tax-exempt income using the applicable federal income tax rate of 35 percent.
 
  (5)  A non-GAAP measure calculated based on annualized core net interest income on a tax-equivalent basis divided by the weighted average net investment balance.
 
  (6)  A non-GAAP measure calculated based on core business earnings less preferred stock dividends divided by average assets.
 
  (7)  A non-GAAP measure calculated based on core business earnings less preferred stock dividends divided by average realized common stockholders’ equity (common stockholders’ equity excluding accumulated other comprehensive income).
 
  (8)  The sum of (a) the stated value of common stock, (b) the stated value of outstanding noncumulative perpetual preferred stock, (c) paid-in capital, and (d) retained earnings, less treasury stock. Core capital represents a regulatory measure of capital.
 
  (9)  The sum of (a) core capital and (b) the total allowance for loan losses and guaranty liability for MBS, less (c) the specific loss allowance. Total capital represents a regulatory measure of capital. Specific loss allowances totaled $9 million at September 30, 2003 and $19 million at December 31, 2002.

(10)  Calculated based on guaranty fee and related income from outstanding MBS.
 
(11)  Charge-offs and foreclosed property income (expense), net of recoveries, as a percentage of average mortgage portfolio (on an amortized cost basis) and average outstanding MBS.
 
(12)  Administrative expenses as a percentage of average net mortgage portfolio and average outstanding MBS.
 
(13)  Administrative expenses as a percentage of core taxable-equivalent revenues.
 
(14)  Unpaid principal balance of loans, MBS, and other mortgage-related securities purchased and retained by Fannie Mae during the reporting period.
 
(15)  Unpaid principal balance of MBS issued and guaranteed by Fannie Mae and acquired by investors other than Fannie Mae during the reporting period.
 
(16)  Includes mortgage purchases and MBS issues acquired by others.
 
(17)  Unpaid principal balance of mortgages held in portfolio excluding the effect of unrealized gains or losses on available for sale securities, deferred balances, and the allowance for loan losses.
 
(18)  Unpaid principal balance of MBS guaranteed by Fannie Mae and held by investors other than Fannie Mae.
 
(19)  Includes gross mortgage portfolio and outstanding MBS.

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Fannie Mae is the nation’s largest source of funds for mortgage lenders and investors. Although we operate under a federal charter, we are a private, shareholder-owned company. Our purpose is to facilitate the flow of low-cost mortgage capital to increase the availability and affordability of homeownership for low-, moderate-, and middle-income Americans. We operate exclusively in the secondary mortgage market by purchasing mortgages and mortgage-related securities, including Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities (“MBS”), from primary market institutions, such as commercial banks, savings and loan associations, mortgage companies, securities dealers, and other investors. We provide additional liquidity in the secondary market by issuing and guaranteeing mortgage-related securities. We generate revenue from these activities through our two primary lines of business: Portfolio Investment business and Credit Guaranty business.

This report on Form 10-Q highlights significant factors influencing Fannie Mae’s results of operations and financial condition. Management’s Discussion and Analysis and other sections of our Form 10-Q contain forward-looking statements based on management’s estimates of trends and economic factors in the markets in which Fannie Mae is active as well as the company’s business plans. Such estimates and plans may change without notice and future results may vary from expected results if there are significant changes in economic, regulatory, or legislative conditions affecting Fannie Mae or its competitors. For a discussion of these factors, investors should review our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2002. We undertake no duty to update these forward-looking statements.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Overview

We reported a substantial increase in our net income for the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, due in part to the mark-to-market adjustments of our option-based derivatives under Financial Accounting Standard No. 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities (“FAS 133”). Reported net income for the third quarter of 2003 increased 168 percent to $2.666 billion from $994 million in the third quarter of 2002, and diluted earnings per share (“diluted EPS”) increased 177 percent to $2.69 from $.97. Reported net income for the first nine months of 2003 increased 56 percent to $5.708 billion from $3.667 billion for the first nine months of 2002, and diluted earnings per share increased 59 percent to $5.70 from $3.58. Our reported results, which are based on generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), may fluctuate significantly from period to period because of the accounting for purchased options under FAS 133. FAS 133 requires that we record changes in the time value of purchased options that we use to manage interest rate risk in our income, but it does not allow us to record in earnings changes in the intrinsic value of some of those options or similar changes in the fair value of options in all of our callable debt or mortgage assets. We expect the mark-to-market adjustment on purchased options to create temporary unrealized gains and losses that will often vary substantially from period to period with changes in interest rates, expected interest rate volatility, and derivative activity. This variability generates significant volatility in our reported net income.

During the third quarter of 2003, we saw historic levels of interest rate volatility in the fixed income markets. The generally higher interest rate environment during the quarter resulted in our recording $473 million in unrealized gains from changes in the time value of purchased options. In comparison, we recorded $1.378 billion in unrealized losses on purchased options during the third quarter of 2002. Purchased options expense totaled $2.035 billion and $2.664 billion for the first nine months of 2003 and 2002, respectively.

Excluding the effect of purchased options expense, we experienced strong revenue growth over the prior year that was partially offset by increased losses on the repurchase of debt as we took advantage of market opportunities to repurchase significant amounts of higher cost debt. Reported net interest income of $3.489 billion for the third quarter of 2003 and $10.358 billion for the first nine months of 2003 was up 35 percent and 37 percent, respectively, over the same prior year periods. Increases in net interest income were driven primarily by the combined growth in our reported net interest yield and expansion of our mortgage portfolio. Guaranty fee income was up 32 percent over third quarter 2002 and 39 percent over

3


 

the first nine months of 2002, due primarily to growth in outstanding MBS held by other investors and our average effective guaranty fee rate. We use the term “MBS” (mortgage-backed securities) to refer to mortgage-related securities we issue or on which Fannie Mae guarantees timely payment of scheduled principal and interest.

Despite slower growth in the book of business during the third quarter of 2003 to more normalized levels, growth in the book of business increased in the first nine months of 2003 versus the prior year period due to the decline in interest rates and resulting increase in refinancings. In addition, we continued to benefit from the temporary elevation of our net interest yield during the first nine months of 2003 and the third quarter of 2003 due to the steep yield curve and low short-term interest rates that have persisted since the end of 2000 and given us the opportunity to temporarily reduce our borrowing costs. Our portfolio purchases reached record levels during the third quarter of 2003 due to the settlement of our pipeline of outstanding purchase commitments at June 30, 2003 and new purchase commitments during the quarter, which more than offset portfolio liquidations and a decline in outstanding MBS. Outstanding MBS decreased in the third quarter from the end of the second quarter due to a reduction in MBS issuances acquired by other investors and increased liquidations. MBS issuances to other investors fell during the quarter as we purchased more of our MBS issuances for Fannie Mae’s portfolio, and liquidations were at higher levels because of refinancing payoffs triggered by lower interest rates earlier in the year.

Our third quarter 2003 results also include an after-tax gain of $185 million related to the cumulative effect of adopting Financial Accounting Standard No. 149, Amendment of Statement 133 on Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities (“FAS 149”). FAS 149 amends and clarifies certain aspects of FAS 133 and applies to mortgage loan purchase commitments entered into or modified after June 30, 2003, and purchase and sale commitments for when-issued mortgage securities outstanding at June 30, 2003 and entered into after that date.

Management also tracks and analyzes Fannie Mae’s financial results based on a supplemental non-GAAP measure called “core business earnings.” While core business earnings is not a substitute for GAAP net income, we rely on core business earnings in operating our business because we believe core business earnings provides our management and investors with a better measure of our financial results and better reflects our risk management strategies than our GAAP net income. We developed core business earnings in conjunction with our January 1, 2001 adoption of FAS 133 to adjust for accounting differences between alternative transactions we use to hedge interest rate risk that produce similar economic results but require different accounting treatment under FAS 133. For example, our core business earnings measure allows management and investors to evaluate the quality of earnings from Fannie Mae’s principal business activities in a way that accounts for comparable hedging transactions in a similar manner. We discuss our core business earnings results in “MD&A— Core Business Earnings and Business Segment Results.”

Net Interest Income

Table 1 presents Fannie Mae’s net interest yield based on reported net interest income calculated on a taxable-equivalent basis. Our net interest yield calculation subsequent to the adoption of FAS 133 does not fully reflect the cost of our purchased options (see “MD&A— Core Business Earnings and Business Segment Results— Core Net Interest Income” for a discussion of our supplemental non-GAAP measures, core net interest income and net interest margin).

4


 

Table 1: Net Interest Yield

                                     
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




(Dollars in millions)
Interest income:
                               
 
Mortgage portfolio
  $ 12,271     $ 12,383     $ 37,117     $ 36,880  
 
Liquid investments
    287       382       929       1,208  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest income
    12,558       12,765       38,046       38,088  
     
     
     
     
 
Interest expense:(1)
                               
 
Short-term debt
    728       536       2,175       1,966  
 
Long-term debt
    8,341       9,638       25,513       28,568  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest expense
    9,069       10,174       27,688       30,534  
     
     
     
     
 
Net interest income
    3,489       2,591       10,358       7,554  
 
Taxable-equivalent adjustment on tax-exempt investments (2)
    119       129       361       378  
     
     
     
     
 
Taxable-equivalent net interest income
  $ 3,608     $ 2,720     $ 10,719     $ 7,932  
     
     
     
     
 
Average balances:(3)
                               
Interest-earning assets:(4)
                               
 
Mortgage portfolio, net
  $ 840,851     $ 738,812     $ 817,956     $ 729,071  
 
Liquid investments
    85,504       64,584       78,202       66,312  
     
     
     
     
 
Total interest-earning assets
    926,355       803,396       896,158       795,383  
   
Interest-free funds(5)
    (27,204 )     (22,392 )     (29,356 )     (23,520 )
     
     
     
     
 
Total interest-earning assets funded by debt
    899,151       781,004       866,802       771,863  
     
     
     
     
 
Interest-bearing liabilities:(1)
                               
 
Short-term debt
    269,983       122,056       237,370       127,454  
 
Long-term debt
    629,168       658,948       629,432       644,409  
     
     
     
     
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
  $ 899,151     $ 781,004     $ 866,802     $ 771,863  
     
     
     
     
 
Average interest rates:(2, 3)
                               
Interest-earning assets:
                               
 
Mortgage portfolio, net
    5.80 %     6.72 %     6.04 %     6.78 %
 
Liquid investments
    1.43       2.40       1.63       2.46  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest-earning assets
    5.40       6.37       5.66       6.42  
   
Interest-free return(5)
    .19       .17       .18       .18  
     
     
     
     
 
Total interest-earning assets and interest-free return
    5.59       6.54       5.84       6.60  
     
     
     
     
 
Interest-bearing liabilities:(1)
                               
 
Short-term debt
    1.06       1.74       1.20       2.04  
 
Long-term debt
    5.30       5.83       5.41       5.90  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    4.03       5.19       4.25       5.27  
     
     
     
     
 
Net interest yield
    1.56 %     1.35 %     1.59 %     1.33 %
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  Classification of interest expense and interest-bearing liabilities as short-term or long-term is based on effective maturity or repricing date, taking into consideration the effect of derivative financial instruments. In the first quarter of 2003, we revised our method of classifying interest expense between short-term and long-term on certain derivative instruments. This reclassification does not affect Fannie Mae’s total interest expense. We reclassified $88 million and $119 million between short-term and long-term interest expense for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2002 to conform to our current year presentation.
 
(2)  Reflects non-GAAP adjustments to permit comparison of yields on tax-exempt and taxable assets based on a 35 percent marginal tax rate.
 
(3)  Averages have been calculated on a monthly basis based on amortized cost.
 
(4)  Includes average balance of nonaccrual loans of $6.0 billion and $4.5 billion for the three months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002, respectively, and $5.9 billion and $4.4 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002, respectively.
 
(5)  Interest-free funds represent the portion of our investment portfolio funded by equity and non-interest bearing liabilities.

Reported net interest income for the third quarter of 2003 increased 35 percent over third quarter 2002 to $3.489 billion, driven by a 15 percent increase in our average net investment balance and a 21 basis point expansion in our reported net interest yield to 1.56 percent. Our average net investment balance (also referred to as total interest-earning assets) consists of our mortgage portfolio (net of unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities and deferred balances) and liquid investments. Reported net interest income for the first nine months of 2003 increased 37 percent over the first nine months of 2002 to $10.358 billion, driven by a 13 percent increase in our average net investment balance and a 26 basis point expansion in our reported net interest yield to 1.59 percent. Our increased use of purchased options had a favorable effect on our net interest yield during the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 because of the difference in accounting for the expense related to these funding alternatives under FAS 133. When we

5


 

use purchased options as a substitute for callable debt, we do not amortize the up-front premium paid over the expected life of the option in our reported net interest income or net interest yield. However, we include interest expense on callable debt in our reported net interest income.

Following is a rate/volume analysis of the changes in our reported net interest income between the third quarters of 2003 and 2002 and the first nine months of 2003 and 2002.

Table 2: Rate/ Volume Analysis of Reported Net Interest Income

                           
Attributable to
Changes in(1)
Increase
(Decrease) Volume Rate



(Dollars in millions)
Third Quarter 2003 vs. Third Quarter 2002
                       
Interest income:
                       
 
Mortgage portfolio
  $ (112 )   $ 1,596     $ (1,708 )
 
Liquid investments
    (95 )     101       (196 )
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest income
    (207 )     1,697       (1,904 )
     
     
     
 
Interest expense:(2)
                       
 
Short-term debt
    192       459       (267 )
 
Long-term debt
    (1,297 )     (422 )     (875 )
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest expense
    (1,105 )     37       (1,142 )
     
     
     
 
Change in net interest income
  $ 898     $ 1,660     $ (762 )
     
     
     
 
Change in taxable-equivalent adjustment on tax-exempt investments(3)
    (10 )                
     
                 
Change in taxable-equivalent net interest income
  $ 888                  
     
                 
First Nine Months 2003 vs. First Nine Months 2002
                       
Interest income:
                       
 
Mortgage portfolio
  $ 237     $ 4,245     $ (4,008 )
 
Liquid investments
    (279 )     191       (470 )
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest income
    (42 )     4,436       (4,478 )
     
     
     
 
Interest expense:(2)
                       
 
Short-term debt
    209       1,228       (1,019 )
 
Long-term debt
    (3,055 )     (652 )     (2,403 )
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest expense
    (2,846 )     576       (3,422 )
     
     
     
 
Change in net interest income
  $ 2,804     $ 3,860     $ (1,056 )
     
     
     
 
Change in taxable-equivalent adjustment on tax-exempt investments(3)
    (17 )                
     
                 
Change in taxable-equivalent net interest income
  $ 2,787                  
     
                 


(1)  Combined rate/ volume variances, a third element of the calculation, are allocated to the rate and volume variances based on their relative size.
 
(2)  Classification of interest expense and interest-bearing liabilities as short-term or long-term is based on effective maturity or repricing date, taking into consideration the effect of derivative financial instruments.
 
(3)  Reflects non-GAAP adjustments to permit comparison of yields on tax-exempt and taxable assets based on a 35 percent marginal tax rate.

Guaranty Fee Income

Guaranty fee income for the third quarter of 2003 grew 32 percent over the third quarter of 2002 to $613 million, driven by 26 percent growth in average outstanding MBS and a 5 percent increase in the average effective guaranty fee rate on outstanding MBS to 20.0 basis points from 19.0 basis points. Average outstanding MBS totaled $1,229 billion in the third quarter of 2003 versus $975 billion in the third quarter of 2002. MBS issues acquired by other investors were $174 billion and $113 billion during the third quarter of 2003 and 2002, respectively.

Guaranty fee income for the first nine months of 2003 grew 39 percent over the first nine months of 2002 to $1.792 billion, driven by 26 percent growth in average outstanding MBS and a 10 percent increase in the average effective guaranty fee rate on outstanding MBS to 20.5 basis points from 18.6 basis points. Average outstanding MBS totaled $1,166 billion for the first nine months of 2003 versus $926 billion for the same prior year period. MBS issues acquired by other investors were $660 billion during the first nine months of 2003, more than double MBS issues of $322 billion during the first nine months of 2002.

6


 

We expanded our issuances of MBS during 2003 in response to increased volume from lenders fueled by the substantial level of refinance activity. The increase in our average effective guaranty fee rate during 2003 is primarily due to faster recognition of deferred fee income due to accelerated prepayments from the unprecedented level of refinancings together with increased risk-based pricing fees on new business.

Fee and Other Income, Net

Fee and other income increased to $104 million in the third quarter of 2003 from $91 million in the third quarter of 2002. Fee and other income for the first nine months of 2003 totaled $449 million, up from $137 million for the same prior year period. Fee and other income includes transaction fees, technology fees, multifamily fees and other miscellaneous items and is net of credit enhancement expense and operating losses from tax-advantaged investments in affordable housing projects. We also include gains and losses on the sale of securities and any other-than-temporary impairment charges in fee and other income.

We experienced a significant increase in transaction, technology, and multifamily fees in 2003 due to a surge in business volumes associated with the robust refinancing market. During the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, our business volume, which includes portfolio purchases and MBS issues acquired by other investors, more than doubled from the prior year. Transaction, technology, and multifamily fees totaled $238 million in the third quarter of 2003, an increase of $114 million over third quarter 2002, as our business volume rose to a record $428 billion for the quarter from $187 billion in the same prior year quarter. Transaction, technology and multifamily fees for the first nine months of 2003 increased $455 million over the prior year period to $762 million as our business volume swelled to $1,174 billion from $544 billion.

We recorded $34 million and $33 million of gains from the sale of mortgage-related securities classified as available-for-sale during the three months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002. We recorded $144 million and $54 million of gains from the sale of mortgage-related securities classified as available-for-sale during the nine months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002.

We recognized impairment totaling $41 million and $24 million in the third quarters of 2003 and 2002, respectively, and $237 million and $47 million for the first nine months of 2003 and 2002, respectively. The increase in impairment amounts recorded during 2003 was primarily related to securities or investments that were downgraded during the year and suffered significant declines in fair value, and for which we concluded that it was uncertain whether we would recover all principal and interest due to us. We regularly monitor all of Fannie Mae’s investments for changes in fair value and record impairment when we judge a decline in fair value to be other-than-temporary. As a primary impairment indicator, we consider the duration and extent to which the fair value is less than our book value coupled with our intent and ability to hold the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow us to recover our cost. Our assessment of other-than-temporary impairment focuses primarily on issuer or collateral specific factors, such as operational and financing cash flows, rating agency actions, and business and financial outlook. We incorporate the impact of any credit enhancements in our assessment. We also evaluate broader industry and sector performance indicators. We determine other-than-temporary impairment based on information available as of each balance sheet date. New information or economic developments in the future could lead to additional impairment.

Credit-Related Expenses

Credit-related expenses, which include the provision for losses and foreclosed property income, totaled $29 million in the third quarter of 2003, up from $13 million in the third quarter 2002. Credit-related expenses for the first nine months of 2003 totaled $72 million, up from $59 million for the first nine months of 2002. The increase in credit-related expenses was due primarily to a decline in foreclosed property income resulting from the combined effect of an increase in foreclosed properties and an overall gradual moderation in the above average home price appreciation rates of the past few years closer to more normal trend levels. The strong housing market combined with our aggressive management of problem loans and protection through credit enhancement have mitigated the impact of recent increases in

7


 

foreclosure activity due to general economic weakness. We recorded foreclosed property expense of $1 million in the third quarter of 2003, versus foreclosed property income of $12 million in the third quarter of 2002. Foreclosed property income decreased by $23 million from the prior year to $5 million for the first nine months of 2003. Our provision for losses totaled $28 million and $77 million for the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, compared with $25 million and $87 million for the same prior year periods.

Credit-related losses, which include charge-offs plus foreclosed property income, have remained at historically low levels during 2003. Credit-related losses totaled $37 million in the third quarter of 2003, up from $14 million in the third quarter of 2002. Credit-related losses for the first nine months of 2003 increased $28 million over the same prior year period to $80 million.

Administrative Expenses

Administrative expenses totaled $347 million and $1.045 billion in the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, respectively, up 10 percent and 15 percent over the third quarter and first nine months of 2002. The growth in administrative expenses was due primarily to costs incurred in reengineering Fannie Mae’s core technology infrastructure to enhance our ability to process and manage the risk on mortgage assets and the expensing of new stock-based compensation. On January 1, 2003, we adopted the expense recognition provisions of the fair value method of accounting for stock-based compensation under Financial Accounting Standard No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation (“FAS 123”) and began expensing all new stock-based compensation.

We evaluate growth in administrative expenses in relation to growth in core taxable-equivalent revenues and our average book of business. Core taxable-equivalent revenues is a supplemental non-GAAP measure discussed further in “MD&A—Core Business Earnings and Business Segment Results.” Despite the growth in administrative expenses, our efficiency ratio—the ratio of administrative expenses to core taxable-equivalent revenues—improved to 9.1 percent and 9.2 percent in the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, respectively, from 10.5 percent and 10.3 percent in the third quarter and first nine months of 2002 because of the significant growth in revenues generated by the expansion of our book of business. The ratio of administrative expenses as a percentage of our average book of business improved to .066 percent and .070 percent in the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, compared with ..073 percent in both the third quarter and first nine months of 2002.

Purchased Options Expense

We recorded an unrealized gain on purchased options of $473 million in the third quarter of 2003, compared with a loss of $1.378 billion in the third quarter of 2002. The unrealized gain recorded during the third quarter of 2003 was primarily due to increases in the fair value of the time value of purchased options resulting from the generally higher interest rate environment. Purchased options expense for the first nine months of 2003 and 2002 totaled $2.035 billion and $2.664 billion, respectively. The fair value changes in the time value of our purchased options will vary from period to period with changes in interest rates, expected interest rate volatility, and derivative activity.

Debt Extinguishments

We recognized $902 million and $2.034 billion in losses on debt extinguishments during the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, respectively, compared with losses of $138 million in the third quarter and $534 million during the first nine months of 2002. The losses resulted from the call and repurchase of $64 billion and $185 billion of debt during the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, respectively, and the call and repurchase of $66 billion and $127 billion of debt during the third quarter and first nine months of 2002, respectively. We regularly call or repurchase debt as part of our interest rate risk management strategy. The year-over-year increase in debt extinguishment activity was driven by attractive opportunities to repurchase relatively high-cost debt, which we believe will lower our debt costs in the future.

8


 

Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate on reported income was 28 percent based on a provision for federal income taxes (including the taxes related to the cumulative effect of change in accounting principle) of $1.020 billion in the third quarter of 2003, compared with 24 percent in the prior year quarter based on a tax provision of $307 million. For the first nine months of 2003 and 2002, our effective tax rate on reported income was 26 percent and 24 percent, respectively, based on tax provisions of $1.990 billion and $1.154 billion in each period. The increase in the effective tax rate on reported income in 2003 is primarily due the significant increase in our reported income. As our earnings increase, the relative tax benefit we receive from tax-exempt income and tax credits diminishes. Our effective tax rate based on core business earnings, which is a non-GAAP measure that adjusts for the effect of FAS 133 on our purchased options, was 24 percent in the third quarter of 2003, compared with 28 percent in the third quarter of 2002 and 26 percent for the first nine months of 2003, compared with 27 percent in the same year-ago period. The third quarter 2003 decrease in the effective tax rate on core business earnings was primarily due to an increase in tax credits on affordable housing investments recognized during the quarter.

Cumulative Effect of Change in Accounting Principle

Effective July 1, 2003, we adopted FAS 149, which amends and clarifies certain aspects of FAS 133, including the accounting for commitments to purchase loans and commitments to purchase and sell when-issued securities. FAS 149 applies to Fannie Mae’s mortgage loan purchase commitments entered into or modified after June 30, 2003, and purchase and sale commitments for when-issued mortgage securities entered into after and outstanding at June 30, 2003. As a result of the adoption of FAS 149, we are required to account for the majority of our commitments to purchase whole loans and to purchase or sell mortgage-related securities as derivatives and record these commitments on our balance sheet at fair value. We recorded a cumulative after-tax transition gain of $185 million ($285 million pre-tax) from the adoption of FAS 149. The transition gain primarily relates to recording the fair value of open portfolio purchase commitments for when-issued securities totaling $113 billion at June 30, 2003. The offset to the transition gain related to these commitments resulted in recording a fair value purchase price adjustment on our balance sheet that will amortize into future earnings as a reduction of interest income over the estimated life of the underlying mortgage securities retained in our portfolio.

CORE BUSINESS EARNINGS AND BUSINESS SEGMENT RESULTS

Management relies primarily on core business earnings, a supplemental non-GAAP measure developed in conjunction with our adoption of FAS 133, to evaluate Fannie Mae’s financial performance. While core business earnings is not a substitute for GAAP net income, we rely on core business earnings in operating our business because we believe core business earnings provides our management and investors with a better measure of our financial results and better reflects our risk management strategies than our GAAP net income. Core business earnings excludes the unpredictable volatility in the time value of purchased options because we generally intend to hold these options to maturity, and we do not believe the period-to-period variability in our reported net income from changes in the time value of our purchased options accurately reflects the underlying risks or economics of our hedging strategies. Core business earnings includes amortization of purchased option premiums on a straight-line basis over the original expected life of the options, together with any acceleration of expense related to any options extinguished prior to exercise or expiration. The net amount of purchased options amortization expense recorded under our core business earnings measure will equal the net amount of purchased options expense ultimately recorded under FAS 133 in our reported net income over the life of our options. However, our amortization treatment is more consistent with the accounting for embedded options in our callable debt and more accurately reflects the underlying economics of our use of purchased options as a substitute for issuing callable debt—two alternate hedging strategies that are economically very similar but require different accounting treatment.

Management also relies on several other non-GAAP performance measures related to core business earnings to evaluate Fannie Mae’s performance. These key performance measures include core taxable-

9


 

equivalent revenues, core net interest income, and net interest margin. We discuss these measures further in this section and provide a discussion of our business segments, which we also evaluate based on core business earnings. Our core business earnings measures are not defined terms within GAAP and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Although we rely on core business earnings to measure and evaluate Fannie Mae’s period-to-period results of operations, we do not use core business earnings in calculating our regulatory core capital and total capital measures. We calculate these measures based on stockholders’ equity reported in our financial statements, which includes retained earnings based on our reported GAAP net income. We consider our core capital and total capital levels in establishing our dividend policies because they are critical in determining the amount of capital available for distribution to shareholders.

Core Business Earnings

Core business earnings for the third quarter of 2003 grew 12 percent over the third quarter of 2002 to $1.826 billion. Core business earnings per diluted common share increased 14 percent to $1.83. Core business earnings for the first nine months of 2003 increased 17 percent over the same year-ago period to $5.535 billion, and core business earnings per diluted common share increased 19 percent to $5.52. Strong growth in core net interest income, guaranty fee income, and fee and other income drove the growth in our core business earnings. Highlights of our performance for the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 compared with the same prior year periods include:

Third Quarter 2003 versus Third Quarter 2002

  •  27 percent increase in core taxable-equivalent revenues to $3.803 billion
 
  •  22 percent increase in core net interest income to $2.669 billion
 
  •  4 basis point increase in the net interest margin to 1.20 percent
 
  •  32 percent increase in guaranty fee income
 
  •  $13 million increase in fee and other income to $104 million
 
  •  $764 million increase in losses from the call and repurchase of debt to $902 million
 
  •  16 percent annualized growth in our combined book of business (gross mortgage portfolio and outstanding MBS) during the third quarter of 2003, compared with 14 percent annualized growth in the third quarter of 2002
 
  •  $185 million after-tax gain from the adoption of FAS 149

First Nine Months of 2003 versus First Nine Months of 2002

  •  29 percent increase in core taxable-equivalent revenues to $11.386 billion
 
  •  24 percent increase in core net interest income to $8.057 billion
 
  •  9 basis point increase in the net interest margin to 1.25 percent
 
  •  39 percent increase in guaranty fee income
 
  •  $312 million increase in fee and other income to $449 million
 
  •  $1.500 billion increase in losses from the call and repurchase of debt to $2.034 billion
 
  •  23 percent annualized growth in our combined book of business (gross mortgage portfolio and outstanding MBS) for the first nine months of 2003, up from 15 percent annualized growth for the first nine months of 2002
 
  •  $185 million after-tax gain from the adoption of FAS 149

While our core business earnings measures should not be construed by investors as an alternative to net income and other measures determined in accordance with GAAP, they are critical performance indicators for Fannie Mae’s management. Core business earnings is the primary financial performance measure used by Fannie Mae’s management not only in developing the financial plans of our lines of business and

10


 

tracking results, but also in establishing corporate performance targets and determining incentive compensation. In addition, the investment analyst community has traditionally relied on our core business earnings measures to evaluate Fannie Mae’s earnings performance and to issue earnings guidance. We believe these measures also can serve as valuable assessment tools for investors to judge the quality of our earnings because they provide more consistent accounting and reporting for economically similar interest rate risk hedging transactions, which allows investors to more readily identify sustainable trends and gauge potential future earnings trends.

Table 3 shows our line of business and consolidated core business earnings results for the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 and 2002. The only difference between core business earnings and reported net income relates to the FAS 133 accounting treatment for purchased options, which affects our Portfolio Investment business. Core business earnings does not exclude any other accounting effects related to the application of FAS 133. The FAS 133 related reconciling items between our core business earnings and reported results have no effect on our Credit Guaranty business.

Table 3: Reconciliation of Core Business Earnings to Reported Results

                                           
Three Months Ended September 30, 2003

Total Core Reconciling Items
Portfolio Credit Business Related to Reported
Investment Guaranty Earnings Purchased Options Results





(Dollars in millions)
Net interest income
  $ 3,271     $ 218     $ 3,489     $     $ 3,489  
Purchased options amortization expense
    (820 )           (820 )     820 (2)      
     
     
     
     
     
 
Core net interest income
    2,451       218       2,669       820       3,489  
Guaranty fee income (expense)
    (414 )     1,027       613             613  
Fee and other income, net
    119       (15 )     104             104  
Credit-related expenses(1)
          (29 )     (29 )           (29 )
Administrative expenses
    (99 )     (248 )     (347 )           (347 )
Purchased options income under FAS 133
                      473 (3)     473  
Debt extinguishments
    (902 )           (902 )           (902 )
     
     
     
     
     
 
Income before federal income taxes and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle
    1,155       953       2,108       1,293       3,401  
Provision for federal income taxes
    (299 )     (168 )     (467 )     (453 )(4)     (920 )
Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle, net of tax
    185             185             185  
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Net income
  $ 1,041     $ 785     $ 1,826     $ 840     $ 2,666  
     
     
     
     
     
 
                                           
Three Months Ended September 30, 2002

Total Core Reconciling Items
Portfolio Credit Business Related to Reported
Investment Guaranty Earnings Purchased Options Results





Net interest income
  $ 2,409     $ 182     $ 2,591     $     $ 2,591  
Purchased options amortization expense
    (399 )           (399 )     399 (2)      
     
     
     
     
     
 
Core net interest income
    2,010       182       2,192       399       2,591  
Guaranty fee income (expense)
    (342 )     805       463             463  
Fee and other income, net
    111       (20 )     91             91  
Credit-related expenses(1)
          (13 )     (13 )           (13 )
Administrative expenses
    (93 )     (222 )     (315 )           (315 )
Purchased options expense under FAS 133
                      (1,378 )(3)     (1,378 )
Debt extinguishments
    (138 )           (138 )           (138 )
     
     
     
     
     
 
Income before federal income taxes
    1,548       732       2,280       (979 )     1,301  
Provision for federal income taxes
    (455 )     (194 )     (649 )     342 (4)     (307 )
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Net income
  $ 1,093     $ 538     $ 1,631     $ (637 )   $ 994  
     
     
     
     
     
 

11


 

                                           
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2003

Total Core Reconciling Items
Portfolio Credit Business Related to Reported
Investment Guaranty Earnings Purchased Options Results





(Dollars in millions)
Net interest income
  $ 9,736     $ 622     $ 10,358     $     $ 10,358  
Purchased options amortization expense
    (2,301 )           (2,301 )     2,301 (2)      
     
     
     
     
     
 
Core net interest income
    7,435       622       8,057       2,301       10,358  
Guaranty fee income (expense)
    (1,221 )     3,013       1,792             1,792  
Fee and other income, net
    472       (23 )     449             449  
Credit-related expenses(1)
          (72 )     (72 )           (72 )
Administrative expenses
    (303 )     (742 )     (1,045 )           (1,045 )
Purchased options expense under FAS 133
                      (2,035 )(3)     (2,035 )
Debt extinguishments
    (2,034 )           (2,034 )           (2,034 )
     
     
     
     
     
 
Income before federal income taxes and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle
    4,349       2,798       7,147       266       7,413  
Provision for federal income taxes
    (1,237 )     (560 )     (1,797 )     (93 )(4)     (1,890 )
Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle, net of tax
    185             185             185  
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Net income
  $ 3,297     $ 2,238     $ 5,535     $ 173     $ 5,708  
     
     
     
     
     
 
                                           
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2002

Total Core Reconciling Items
Portfolio Credit Business Related to Reported
Investment Guaranty Earnings Purchased Options Results





Net interest income
  $ 7,056     $ 498     $ 7,554     $     $ 7,554  
Purchased options amortization expense
    (1,040 )           (1,040 )     1,040 (2)      
     
     
     
     
     
 
Core net interest income
    6,016       498       6,514       1,040       7,554  
Guaranty fee income (expense)
    (997 )     2,290       1,293             1,293  
Fee and other income, net
    254       (117 )     137             137  
Credit-related expenses(1)
          (59 )     (59 )           (59 )
Administrative expenses
    (269 )     (637 )     (906 )           (906 )
Purchased options expense under FAS 133
                      (2,664 )(3)     (2,664 )
Debt extinguishments
    (534 )           (534 )           (534 )
     
     
     
     
     
 
Income before federal income taxes
    4,470       1,975       6,445       (1,624 )     4,821  
Provision for federal income taxes
    (1,313 )     (410 )     (1,723 )     569 (4)     (1,154 )
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Net income
  $ 3,157     $ 1,565     $ 4,722     $ (1,055 )   $ 3,667  
     
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  Credit-related expenses include the income statement line items “Provision for losses” and “Foreclosed property expense (income).”
 
(2)  Represents the straight-line amortization of purchased options premiums that we allocate to interest expense over the original expected life of the options. We include this amount in core business earnings instead of recording changes in the time value of purchased options because this treatment is more consistent with the accounting for the embedded options in our callable debt and the vast majority of our mortgages.
 
(3)  Represents changes in the fair value of the time value of purchased options recorded in accordance with FAS 133. We exclude this amount from our core business earnings measure because the period-to-period fluctuations in the time value portion of our options do not reflect the economics of our current risk management strategy, which generally is to hold our purchased options to maturity or exercise date. Consequently, we do not expect to realize the period-to-period fluctuations in time value. In addition, the accounting for purchased options under FAS 133 is inconsistent with the accounting for embedded options in our callable debt and mortgages.
 
(4)  Represents the net federal income tax effect of core business earnings adjustments based on the applicable federal income tax rate of 35 percent.

The guaranty fee income that we allocate to the Credit Guaranty business for managing the credit risk on most mortgage-related assets held by the Portfolio Investment business is offset by a corresponding guaranty fee expense allocation to the Portfolio Investment business in our line of business results. Thus, there is no inter-segment elimination adjustment between our total line of business guaranty fee income and our reported guaranty fee income. For line of business reporting purposes, we allocate transaction fees that we earn for structuring and facilitating securities transactions primarily to our Portfolio Investment business. We allocate technology-related fees that we earn from providing Desktop Underwriter and other technology services to our customers and fees we earn for providing credit enhancement alternatives to our customers to our Credit Guaranty business.

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Core Taxable-Equivalent Revenues

Core taxable-equivalent revenues for the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 increased 27 percent and 29 percent, respectively, over the third quarter and first nine months of 2002 to $3.803 billion and $11.386 billion, primarily due to strong growth in core net interest income, guaranty fee income, and fee and other income. Table 4 reconciles core taxable-equivalent revenues to taxable-equivalent revenues and provides a comparison between the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 and 2002.

Table 4: Core Taxable-Equivalent Revenues

                                   
Three Months Nine Months
Ended Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




(Dollars in millions)
Net interest income
  $ 3,489     $ 2,591     $ 10,358     $ 7,554  
Guaranty fees
    613       463       1,792       1,293  
Fee and other income, net(1)
    104       91       449       137  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total revenues
    4,206       3,145       12,599       8,984  
Taxable-equivalent adjustments:
                               
 
Investment tax credits(2)
    298       112       727       476  
 
Tax-exempt investments(3)
    119       129       361       378  
     
     
     
     
 
Taxable-equivalent revenues
    4,623       3,386       13,687       9,838  
Purchased options amortization expense(4)
    (820 )     (399 )     (2,301 )     (1,040 )
     
     
     
     
 
Core taxable-equivalent revenues
  $ 3,803     $ 2,987     $ 11,386     $ 8,798  
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  Includes net losses on certain tax-advantaged investments totaling $80 million and $57 million for the three months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002, respectively, and $204 million and $197 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002, respectively.
 
(2)  Represents non-GAAP taxable-equivalent adjustments for tax credits related to losses on certain affordable housing tax-advantaged equity investments and other investment tax credits using the applicable federal income tax rate of 35 percent.
 
(3)  Represents non-GAAP adjustments to permit comparisons of yields on tax-exempt and taxable assets based on a 35 percent marginal tax rate.
 
(4)  Represents non-GAAP adjustment for straight-line amortization of purchased options premiums that would have been recorded prior to the adoption of FAS 133 in 2001.

Core Net Interest Income

Table 5 reconciles taxable-equivalent core net interest income to our reported net interest income and presents an analysis of our net interest margin. Our taxable-equivalent core net interest income and net interest margin are significantly different than our reported taxable-equivalent net interest income and net interest yield because our core measures include the amortization of our purchased options premiums on a straight-line basis over the original estimated life of the option, which is not in accordance with GAAP.

13


 

Table 5: Net Interest Margin

                                     
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




(Dollars in millions)
Net interest income
  $ 3,489     $ 2,591     $ 10,358     $ 7,554  
 
Purchased options amortization expense(1)
    (820 )     (399 )     (2,301 )     (1,040 )
     
     
     
     
 
Core net interest income
    2,669       2,192       8,057       6,514  
 
Taxable-equivalent adjustment on tax-exempt investments (2)
    119       129       361       378  
     
     
     
     
 
Taxable-equivalent core net interest income
  $ 2,788     $ 2,321     $ 8,418     $ 6,892  
     
     
     
     
 
Average balances(3):
                               
Interest-earning assets(4):
                               
 
Mortgage portfolio, net
  $ 840,851     $ 738,812     $ 817,956     $ 729,071  
 
Liquid investments
    85,504       64,584       78,202       66,312  
     
     
     
     
 
Total interest-earning assets
    926,355       803,396       896,158       795,383  
 
Interest-free funds(5)
    (27,204 )     (22,392 )     (29,356 )     (23,520 )
     
     
     
     
 
Total interest-earning assets funded by debt
    899,151       781,004       866,802       771,863  
     
     
     
     
 
Interest-bearing liabilities(6):
                               
 
Short-term debt
    269,983       122,056       237,370       127,454  
 
Long-term debt
    629,168       658,948       629,432       644,409  
     
     
     
     
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
  $ 899,151     $ 781,004     $ 866,802     $ 771,863  
     
     
     
     
 
Average interest rates(2, 3):
                               
Interest-earning assets:
                               
 
Mortgage portfolio, net
    5.80 %     6.72 %     6.04 %     6.78 %
 
Liquid investments
    1.43       2.40       1.63       2.46  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest-earning assets
    5.40       6.37       5.66       6.42  
   
Interest-free return(5)
    .18       .19       .19       .19  
     
     
     
     
 
Total interest-earning assets and interest-free return
    5.58       6.56       5.85       6.61  
     
     
     
     
 
Interest-bearing liabilities(6):
                               
 
Short-term debt
    1.29       2.03       1.44       2.27  
 
Long-term debt
    5.71       6.02       5.79       6.07  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    4.38       5.40       4.60       5.45  
     
     
     
     
 
Net interest margin
    1.20 %     1.16 %     1.25 %     1.16 %
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  Reflects non-GAAP adjustment for straight-line amortization of purchased options premiums.
 
(2)  Reflects non-GAAP adjustments to permit comparison of yields on tax-exempt and taxable assets based on a 35 percent marginal tax rate.
 
(3)  Averages have been calculated on a monthly basis based on amortized cost.
 
(4)  Includes average balance of nonaccrual loans of $6.0 billion and $4.5 billion for the three months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002, respectively, and $5.9 billion and $4.4 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002, respectively.
 
(5)  Interest-free funds represent the portion of our investment portfolio funded by equity and non-interest bearing liabilities.
 
(6)  Classification of interest expense and interest-bearing liabilities as short-term or long-term is based on effective maturity or repricing date, taking into consideration the effect of derivative financial instruments. The cost of debt includes expense for the amortization of purchased options.

Core net interest income for the third quarter of 2003 increased 22 percent over third quarter 2002 to $2.669 billion, due primarily to a 15 percent increase in our average net investment balance and a 4 basis point expansion in our net interest margin to 1.20 percent. Core net interest income for the first nine months of 2003 increased 24 percent over the same year-ago period to $8.057 billion, driven by 13 percent growth in our average net investment balance and a 9 basis point increase in our net interest margin to 1.25 percent. Table 6 shows changes in core net interest income between the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 and same year-ago periods.

14


 

Table 6: Rate/Volume Analysis of Changes in Core Net Interest Income

                           
Attributable to
Changes in(1)
Increase
(Decrease) Volume Rate



(Dollars in millions)
Third Quarter 2003 vs. Third Quarter 2002
                       
Interest income:
                       
 
Mortgage portfolio
  $ (112 )   $ 1,596     $ (1,708 )
 
Liquid investments
    (95 )     101       (196 )
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest income
    (207 )     1,697       (1,904 )
     
     
     
 
Interest expense:(2)
                       
 
Short-term debt
    192       459       (267 )
 
Long-term debt
    (1,297 )     (422 )     (875 )
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest expense
    (1,105 )     37       (1,142 )
     
     
     
 
Change in net interest income
  $ 898     $ 1,660     $ (762 )
     
     
     
 
Change in purchased options amortization expense(3)
    (421 )                
     
                 
Change in core net interest income
    477                  
Change in taxable-equivalent adjustment on tax-exempt investments(4)
    (10 )                
     
                 
Change in taxable-equivalent core net interest income
  $ 467                  
     
                 
First Nine Months 2003 vs. First Nine Months 2002
                       
Interest income:
                       
 
Mortgage portfolio
  $ 237     $ 4,245     $ (4,008 )
 
Liquid investments
    (279 )     191       (470 )
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest income
    (42 )     4,436       (4,478 )
     
     
     
 
Interest expense:(2)
                       
 
Short-term debt
    209       1,228       (1,019 )
 
Long-term debt
    (3,055 )     (652 )     (2,403 )
     
     
     
 
 
Total interest expense
    (2,846 )     576       (3,422 )
     
     
     
 
Change in net interest income
  $ 2,804     $ 3,860     $ (1,056 )
     
     
     
 
Change in purchased options amortization expense(3)
    (1,261 )                
     
                 
Change in core net interest income
    1,543                  
Change in taxable-equivalent adjustment on tax-exempt investments(4)
    (17 )                
     
                 
Change in taxable-equivalent core net interest income
  $ 1,526                  
     
                 


(1)  Combined rate/volume variances, a third element of the calculation, are allocated to the rate and volume variances based on their relative size.
 
(2)  Classification of interest expense and interest-bearing liabilities as short-term or long-term is based on effective maturity or repricing date, taking into consideration the effect of derivative financial instruments.
 
(3)  Reflects non-GAAP adjustment for straight-line amortization of purchased options premiums that we would have recorded under GAAP prior to adopting FAS 133.
 
(4)  Reflects non-GAAP adjustments to permit comparison of yields on tax-exempt and taxable assets based on a 35 percent marginal tax rate.

Business Segment Results

Portfolio Investment Business

Fannie Mae’s Portfolio Investment business manages the interest rate risk of our mortgage portfolio and nonmortgage investments. Revenue generated by our Portfolio Investment business is primarily reflected in core net interest income. Our Portfolio Investment business generated core business earnings of $1.041 billion and $3.297 billion for the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, respectively, a decrease of 5 percent and an increase of 4 percent over the corresponding prior year periods. This growth was driven primarily by strong growth in core net interest income in both periods, partially offset by a significant increase in losses from debt extinguishments.

The increase in core net interest income for our Portfolio Investment business was driven by growth in our average investment balance and net interest margin. Our average investment balance for the third quarter of 2003 increased 15 percent over third quarter 2002, while our net interest margin rose 4 basis points to 1.20 percent. Our average investment balance for the first nine months of 2003 grew 13 percent, while our

15


 

net interest margin expanded 9 basis points to 1.25 percent. Although liquidations reached an all-time high during the third quarter of 2003, we were able to grow our mortgage portfolio because of record portfolio purchases of $254 billion during the quarter. The high level of purchases reflect the positive impact of the settlement of most of the outstanding commitments totaling $135 billion at June 30, 2003 and new commitments during the quarter as we took advantage of attractive mortgage-to-debt spreads at different points during the quarter.

Our net interest margin for the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 benefited significantly from continued low interest rates and the steep yield curve and high levels of anticipated refinancing. We had expected our net interest margin to begin to decline in early 2003 as interest rates leveled off or moved higher. However, interest rates dropped further during the second quarter of 2003, resulting in an increase in projected mortgage liquidations. As a result, we maintained an unusually high percentage of short-term financing at a lower cost for longer than we had anticipated, which reduced our interest expense and caused a further temporary increase in our net interest margin. During the third quarter of 2003, our net interest margin began to decline as the record low mortgage interest rates during the earlier part of the year drove heavy liquidations of older, higher coupon mortgages, which have been replaced with new mortgages at lower coupon rates.

Mortgage Portfolio

Table 7 summarizes mortgage portfolio activity and average yields for the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 and 2002. Table 8 shows the distribution of Fannie Mae’s mortgage portfolio by product type at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002.

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Table 7: Mortgage Portfolio Activity(1)

                                                     
Purchases Sales Repayments(2)



Three Months Three Months Three Months
Ended Ended Ended
September 30, September 30, September 30,



2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002






(Dollars in millions)
Single-family:
                                               
 
Government insured or guaranteed
  $ 1,852     $ 1,120     $     $ 44     $ 4,588     $ 3,263  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Conventional:
                                               
   
Long-term, fixed-rate
    195,835       59,013       1,183       1,392       113,656       49,339  
   
Intermediate-term, fixed-rate
    40,439       10,336                   24,896       7,141  
   
Adjustable-rate
    11,069       2,466       294             3,476       2,011  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total conventional single-family
    247,343       71,815       1,477       1,392       142,028       58,491  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total single-family
    249,195       72,935       1,477       1,436       146,616       61,754  
Multifamily
    4,713       1,292                   1,159       394  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total
  $ 253,908     $ 74,227     $ 1,477     $ 1,436     $ 147,775     $ 62,148  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Average net yield
    4.85 %     5.94 %                     6.20 %     6.82 %
Annualized repayments as a percentage of average mortgage portfolio
                                    69.0 %     33.4 %
                                                     
Purchases Sales Repayments(2)



Nine Months Nine Months Nine Months
Ended Ended Ended
September 30, September 30, September 30,



2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002






Single-family:
                                               
 
Government insured or guaranteed
  $ 4,273     $ 8,254     $ 58     $ 117     $ 13,406     $ 8,812  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Conventional:
                                               
   
Long-term, fixed-rate
    403,823       168,987       7,258       7,512       310,573       134,888  
   
Intermediate-term, fixed-rate
    77,913       33,871       307       74       44,436       18,160  
   
Adjustable-rate
    18,520       5,908       550       114       8,707       6,431  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total conventional single-family
    500,256       208,766       8,115       7,700       363,716       159,479  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total single-family
    504,529       217,020       8,173       7,817       377,122       168,291  
Multifamily
    9,344       5,070             379       2,207       1,304  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total
  $ 513,873     $ 222,090     $ 8,173     $ 8,196     $ 379,329     $ 169,595  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Average net yield
    5.03 %     6.21 %                     6.40 %     6.91 %
Annualized repayments as a percentage of average mortgage portfolio
                                    61.0 %     30.8 %


(1)  Excludes premiums, discounts, and other deferred price adjustments.
 
(2)  Includes mortgage loan prepayments, scheduled amortization, and foreclosures.

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Table 8: Mortgage Portfolio Composition(1)

                         
September 30, December 31,
2003 2002


(Dollars in millions)
Mortgages
               

               
Single-family:
               
 
Government insured or guaranteed
  $ 6,504     $ 5,458  
     
     
 
 
Conventional:
               
     
Long-term, fixed-rate
    117,809       106,570  
     
Intermediate-term, fixed-rate(2)
    73,249       54,503  
     
Adjustable-rate
    12,415       9,045  
     
     
 
       
Total conventional single-family
    203,473       170,118  
     
     
 
Total single-family
    209,977       175,576  
     
     
 
Multifamily:
               
 
Government insured or guaranteed
    1,144       1,353  
 
Conventional
    16,537       12,218  
     
     
 
Total multifamily
    17,681       13,571  
     
     
 
Total mortgages
  $ 227,658     $ 189,147  
     
     
 
Mortgage-related securities
               

               
Single-family:
               
 
Government insured or guaranteed
  $ 23,248     $ 33,293  
     
     
 
 
Conventional:
               
   
Long-term, fixed-rate
    543,672       510,435  
   
Intermediate-term, fixed-rate(2)
    83,228       39,409  
   
Adjustable-rate
    25,739       13,946  
     
     
 
     
Total conventional single-family
    652,639       563,790  
     
     
 
Total single-family
    675,887       597,083  
     
     
 
Multifamily:
               
 
Government insured or guaranteed
    9,297       7,370  
 
Conventional
    8,979       7,050  
     
     
 
Total multifamily
    18,276       14,420  
     
     
 
Total mortgage-related securities
  $ 694,163     $ 611,503  
     
     
 
Mortgage portfolio, net
               

               
Single-family:
               
 
Government insured or guaranteed
  $ 29,752     $ 38,751  
     
     
 
 
Conventional:
               
   
Long-term, fixed-rate
    661,481       617,005  
   
Intermediate-term, fixed-rate(2)
    156,477       93,912  
   
Adjustable-rate
    38,154       22,991  
     
     
 
     
Total conventional single-family
    856,112       733,908  
     
     
 
Total single-family
    885,864       772,659  
     
     
 
Multifamily:
               
 
Government insured or guaranteed
    10,441       8,723  
 
Conventional
    25,516       19,268  
     
     
 
Total multifamily
    35,957       27,991  
     
     
 
Total mortgage portfolio
    921,821       800,650  
 
Unamortized premium, (discount), and deferred price adjustments, net(3)
    (563 )     472  
 
Allowance for loan losses(4)
    (87 )     (79 )
     
     
 
Mortgage portfolio, net
  $ 921,171     $ 801,043  
     
     
 
Average net yield on mortgage portfolio, net
    5.67 %     6.45 %


(1)  Data reflects unpaid principal balance adjusted to include mark-to-market gains and losses on available-for-sale securities and any impairment. The balance of mortgages at December 31, 2002 includes certain loans intended for securitization and sale that were previously classified as nonmortgage investments.
 
(2)  Intermediate-term, fixed-rate consists of portfolio loans with contractual maturities at purchase equal to or less than 20 years and MBS and other mortgage-related securities held in portfolio with maturities of 15 years or less at issue date.
 
(3)  Includes net unamortized discounts of $1,924 million at September 30, 2003 and unamortized premiums of $135 million at December 31, 2002 related to available-for-sale and held-to-maturity mortgage-related securities.
 
(4)  Guaranty liability for probable losses on loans underlying Fannie Mae guaranteed MBS is included in “Guaranty liability for MBS.”

18


 

Our mortgage portfolio includes mortgage-related securities secured by manufactured housing loans that were issued by entities other than Fannie Mae. In addition, to a limited extent, we acquired manufacturing housing securities issued by entities other than Fannie Mae for securitization into REMIC securities issued and guaranteed by Fannie Mae. When we began investing in and guaranteeing manufactured housing securities, we did so with significant credit enhancements on these investments, including bond insurance and subordination.

Due to weakness in the manufactured housing sector and financial difficulties experienced by certain manufactured housing loan servicers, the major ratings agencies downgraded several of these securities in 2002 and 2003. We owned or guaranteed manufactured housing securities with a book value (for securities held in our portfolio) or notional amount (for REMIC securities we have guaranteed) totaling approximately $8.8 billion at September 30, 2003. Approximately 70 percent of these securities are serviced by Green Tree Investments Holding LLC (during 2003, Green Tree Investments Holding LLC succeeded Conseco Finance, Corp. as servicer). Table 9 presents the book values or notional balances of these securities at September 30, 2003 and June 30, 2003 classified by the credit ratings of the underlying securities (or for insured securities, the credit rating of the financial institution providing credit enhancement). Where ratings differ among the major rating agencies, we have used the lowest rating.

Table 9: Credit Ratings of Private Label Mortgage-Related Securities Secured by Manufactured Housing Loans

                                                                     
September 30, 2003 June 30, 2003


Book Value or Book Value or
Notional Balance(1) Notional Balance(1)


Purchased Guaranteed % of Purchased Guaranteed % of
Credit ratings: Securities(2) Securities(3) Total Total Securities(2) Securities(3) Total Total









(Dollars in millions)
Investment Grade
                                                               
 
AAA/ Aaa
  $ 2,853     $ 166     $ 3,019       34.14 %   $ 4,124     $ 275     $ 4,399       47.40 %
 
AA+/ Aa1 to AA-/ Aa3
    2,497       203       2,700       30.54       1,713       148       1,861       20.05  
 
A+/ A1 to A-/ A3
    797       83       880       9.95       743       54       797       8.59  
 
BBB+/ Baa1 to BBB-/ Baa3
    2,169       29       2,198       24.86       2,118       29       2,147       23.13  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total investment grade securities
    8,316       481       8,797       99.49       8,698       506       9,204       99.17  
Non-Investment Grade
                                                               
 
BB+/ Ba1 to BB-/ Ba3
    3             3       .03       19             19       .20  
 
B+/ B1 to B-/ B3
    22       20       42       .48       38       20       58       .63  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total non-investment grade securities
    25       20       45       .51       57       20       77       .83  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total securities
  $ 8,341     $ 501     $ 8,842       100.00 %   $ 8,755     $ 526     $ 9,281       100.00 %
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  Book value represents unpaid principal balance adjusted for unamortized premium/discounts and impairment. Changes in book value between periods are due to principal payments, amortization of premiums and discounts, any impairment, and to a limited extent, sales of certain securities.
 
(2)  Amount reflects book value. Included on-balance sheet in Fannie Mae’s mortgage portfolio.
 
(3)  Amount reflects notional balance. Included off-balance sheet in outstanding MBS held by other investors. We maintain a guaranty liability for estimated losses on Fannie Mae guaranteed securities and record amounts deemed uncollectible as charge-offs.

In response to the rating downgrades over the past year and general condition of the manufactured housing sector, we assessed the recoverability of scheduled principal and interest amounts on certain of these securities to determine if any were other-than-temporarily impaired. Our assessment was based on modeling the projected cash flows of securities that had a significant decline in fair value by calculating the potential underlying cash flows of the securities, incorporating issuer and pool specific loan performance data as well as information on the manufactured housing sector in general. Our cash flow analyses involve various assumptions that require significant management judgment because of inherent uncertainties related to the actual future performance of these assets. Based on our analyses, we have recorded impairment on certain of these purchased securities of $101 million in 2003, which is included in fee and other income. To date, we have recognized impairment of $152 million on our investments in purchased manufactured housing securities.

19


 

We continue to rigorously monitor these securities and assess appropriate risk factors to determine the need to record any additional impairment. Currently, on all of the manufactured housing bonds we own or guarantee, principal and interest continue to be paid in accordance with the terms of the securitization documents. In addition, as reflected in Table 9, a majority of the securities continue to be rated AA- or better by the major rating agencies or have been insured by counterparties rated AA- or better as of September 30, 2003, and 99.5 percent of the securities have investment grade ratings. However, changes in events or circumstances, such as the performance of the underlying manufactured housing loan collateral and the financial strength of servicers, will influence future credit ratings and may affect our projected cash flow analyses. While it may be necessary to record additional impairment on these securities in the future, management believes that any potential future impairment related to these securities will not have a material adverse effect on Fannie Mae’s operating results.

Mortgage Commitments

As an integral part of our Portfolio Investment business, we routinely enter into forward purchase commitments that allow us to lock in the future delivery of whole loans or mortgage-related securities for our mortgage portfolio at a fixed price or yield. Our purchase commitments are generally short-term in nature with a fixed expiration date. The commitment ends when the loans or securities are delivered to Fannie Mae or the commitment period expires. Retained commitments are a leading indicator of future acquisition volume and a key driver of earnings growth for our Portfolio Investment business. Although our primary goal is to purchase whole loans or mortgage-related securities for Fannie Mae’s portfolio, we may enter into forward commitments to purchase whole loans or mortgage-related securities that we decide not to retain in our portfolio. In these instances, the forward purchase commitment generally has an offsetting sell commitment with an investor other than Fannie Mae.

As a result of our July 1, 2003 adoption of FAS 149, we are required to account for the majority of our commitments to purchase whole loans and to purchase or sell mortgage-related securities, which we enter into in the normal course of business, as derivatives. During the commitment period, we now record commitments to purchase or sell whole loans or mortgage-related securities on our balance sheet at fair value and record changes in the fair value either in accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) or earnings, depending on whether we apply hedge accounting, the hedge designation if we elect hedge accounting, and the applicable accounting treatment under FAS 133. When the commitment ultimately settles, we will record purchased loans and securities on our balance sheet at fair value. FAS 149 applies prospectively to whole loan mortgage purchase commitments entered into or modified after June 30, 2003 and purchase and sale commitments for when-issued mortgage securities entered into after or outstanding at June 30, 2003.

Certain of our mortgage commitments qualify as cash flow hedges of forecasted purchases or sales because the change in fair value of the commitment is expected to change in direct correlation with the forecasted transaction being hedged. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of the commitment will be recorded in AOCI, to the extent effective. When we settle a purchase commitment, we will record the purchase at fair value. The difference between the purchase price and fair value (“fair value purchase price adjustment”) is expected to equal the amount recorded in AOCI at settlement. We will amortize the amount recorded in AOCI and the offsetting fair value purchase price adjustment into earnings as a component of interest income over the estimated life of the loans or securities. Because the amortization amounts are equal and offsetting, we do not expect any effect on our income statement. When we settle a sale commitment, we will recognize the deferred AOCI amount into income as a component of the gain or loss on sale.

We will not apply hedge accounting to certain other commitments considered derivatives under FAS 149, primarily offsetting purchase and sell commitments that we expect to settle at the same time. Therefore, we will mark to market these commitments through earnings. However, we expect the gains and losses to largely offset with only a minimal effect on our earnings. In certain cases, we may purchase loans to securitize and enter into forward commitments to sell the related MBS. In these cases, we will designate the sale commitment as a fair value hedge of the corresponding loans recorded on our balance sheet and record changes in the fair value of the commitment in earnings as an offset against changes in the fair

20


 

value of the loans. We also expect these gains and losses to largely offset with a minimal effect on our earnings.

We recorded an after-tax transition gain of $185 million as a result of the July 1, 2003 adoption of FAS 149. The transition gain primarily relates to recording the fair value of open portfolio purchase commitments for when-issued securities totaling $113 billion at June 30, 2003. The offset to the transition gain results in recording a fair value purchase price adjustment on our balance sheet that will amortize into future earnings as a reduction of interest income over the estimated life of the underlying mortgage securities retained in our portfolio. Subsequent to June 30, we designated and accounted for these commitments as cash flow hedges of forecasted transactions. Prior to the adoption of FAS 149, we accounted for the majority of our mortgage-related commitments as off-balance sheet arrangements and recorded purchased loans and securities on our balance sheet at settlement based on the purchase price. We disclosed the outstanding notional amount of purchase commitments retained in our portfolio. Consequently, our previous disclosure of off-balance sheet commitments does not include commitments not retained in Fannie Mae’s portfolio.

Following is a more detailed discussion of our mortgage commitment activities and the related accounting under FAS 149.

•  Retained Commitments

Fannie Mae typically enters into forward commitments to purchase whole loans or mortgage-related securities for our mortgage portfolio at a fixed price. Purchase commitments typically require mandatory delivery and are subject to the payment of pair-off fees for non-delivery. We also may sell MBS from our portfolio in various financial transactions, including forward trades. We now account for all mandatory forward purchase and sale commitments as derivatives. Forward purchase and sale commitments protect us from changes in interest rates between the time the commitment is entered into and the transaction occurs by allowing us to lock in the purchase or sale price of forecasted transactions. Commencing July 1, 2003, we have designated these commitments as cash flow hedges to hedge the variability due to changes in interest rates of cash flows related to our forecasted mortgage portfolio transactions. The notional balance of outstanding retained commitments, which are net of portfolio sale commitments, was $26 billion at September 30, 2003.

•  Non-Retained Commitments

Fannie Mae also buys loans or securities that we do not retain in our portfolio. The interest rate risk associated with non-retained purchase commitments is economically hedged with offsetting sale commitments. We currently do not intend to apply hedge accounting when we expect these offsetting transactions to settle at the same time. Consequently, the mark to market gains and losses on these commitments will be recorded in earnings during the commitment period. Because the settlement dates, underlying securities, and amounts are offsetting, we expect the gains and losses to substantially offset and have a minimal impact on Fannie Mae’s earnings.

In some cases, a counterparty may fulfill a Fannie Mae MBS purchase commitment by delivering whole loans to us prior to the securitization. We may use the MBS created from the securitization of these loans to fulfill a forward commitment to sell MBS to a third party. We include these loans on our balance sheet under “loans held for securitization or sale.” When this occurs, we intend to designate the forward sale commitment as a fair value hedge of the corresponding loans held for securitization and sale. Accordingly, we will record changes in the fair value of the forward sale commitment in earnings to offset changes in the fair value of the related loans.

By facilitating the purchase and sale of mortgage-related securities in the to-be-announced (“TBA”) market, Fannie Mae helps to create a broader market for our lender customers and enhance liquidity in the secondary mortgage market. While this activity supports the market for mortgage-related securities and our mission, we may increase, reduce, or discontinue these activities at any time.

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Table 10 shows the fair value, outstanding notional amount, and average remaining contractual maturity of our outstanding mortgage commitments, both retained and non-retained, at September 30, 2003.

Table 10: Mortgage Commitments

                         
September 30, 2003

Average
Remaining
Fair Notional Contractual
Value Amount Maturity



(Dollars in millions)
Forward whole loan and mortgage-related security purchase commitments
  $ 786     $ 51,513       26 days  
Forward mortgage-related security sell commitments
    (470 )     29,605       28  

We discuss the derivative instruments we use to manage interest rate risk and supplement our issuance of debt in “MD&A—Risk Management—Interest Rate Risk Management” and provide additional information on all transactions accounted for as derivatives in the Notes to Financial Statements.

The primary credit risk associated with our mortgage commitment transactions is that counterparties either will not sell or purchase loans or securities to fulfill their forward commitments. We believe the credit risk related to outstanding mortgage commitments is much less than for outstanding loans or securities because commitment transactions are very short term in nature. Our lender customers account for the majority of Fannie Mae’s credit risk on commitment transactions. We control Fannie Mae’s risk of loss by subjecting our lender customers to credit reviews and assigning counterparty credit limits based on our risk assessment where appropriate. We monitor our commitment counterparties by performing quarterly credit reviews and updating trading limits based on these reviews. In addition, we have an interest in the servicing assets of the lenders, which serves as collateral for their obligations to us.

Liquid Investments

Liquid investments include nonmortgage investments, cash and cash equivalents in our Liquid Investment Portfolio, and loans held for securitization or sale. Our liquid investments totaled $57 billion at September 30, 2003, compared with $58 billion at December 31, 2002. Nonmortgage investments account for the majority of our liquid investments. Nonmortgage investments increased 31 percent to $51 billion at September 30, 2003, from $39 billion at December 31, 2002. Table 11 shows the composition, weighted-average maturities, and credit ratings of our available-for-sale and held-to-maturity nonmortgage investments at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002.

Table 11: Nonmortgage Investments

                                                     
September 30, 2003

Weighted
Gross Gross Average
Amortized Unrealized Unrealized Fair Maturity % Rated A
Cost Gains Losses Value in Months or Better






(Dollars in millions)
Available-for-sale:
                                               
 
Asset-backed securities
  $ 26,919     $ 61     $ (32 )   $ 26,948       25.7       99.3 %
 
Floating rate notes(1)
    10,851       14       (1 )     10,864       14.0       92.8  
 
Taxable auction notes
    2,930                   2,930       .5       100.0  
 
Corporate bonds
    1,140       37             1,177       19.8       73.2  
 
Auction rate preferred stock
    824       2             826       .8       92.3  
 
Municipal bonds
    612                   612       8.6       100.0  
 
Other
    50                   50       4.7       100.0  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total
  $ 43,326     $ 114     $ (33 )   $ 43,407       20.2       96.9 %
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Held-to-maturity:
                                               
 
Repurchase agreements
  $ 4,189     $     $     $ 4,189       .6       100.0  
 
Federal funds
    3,286                   3,286       .1       100.0  
 
Other
    437                   437       4.4       100.0  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total
  $ 7,912     $     $     $ 7,912       .6       100.0 %
     
     
     
     
     
     
 

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December 31, 2002

Weighted
Gross Gross Average
Amortized Unrealized Unrealized Fair Maturity % Rated A
Cost Gains Losses Value in Months or Better






(Dollars in millions)
Available-for-sale:
                                               
 
Asset-backed securities
  $ 22,281     $ 98     $ (68 )   $ 22,311       30.0       100.0 %
 
Floating rate notes(1)
    11,754       10       (29 )     11,735       10.6       87.6  
 
Taxable auction notes
    949                   949       .2       100.0  
 
Corporate bonds
    1,149       42             1,191       12.8       25.2  
 
Auction rate preferred stock
    112             (4 )     108       2.5       43.5  
 
Commercial paper
    100                   100       2.2       100.0  
 
Other
    400                   400       1.1       100.0  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total
  $ 36,745     $ 150     $ (101 )   $ 36,794       22.0       93.5 %
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Held-to-maturity:
                                               
 
Repurchase agreements(2)
  $ 181     $     $     $ 181             100.0 %
 
Federal funds
    150                   150       1.9       100.0  
 
Auction rate preferred stock
    402                   402       1.0       100.0  
 
Eurodollar time deposits
    1,398                   1,398       .8       100.0  
 
Commercial paper
    100                   100       .7       100.0  
 
Other
    268       1             269       4.9       100.0  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total
  $ 2,499     $ 1     $     $ 2,500       1.3       100.0 %
     
     
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  As of September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002, 100 percent of floating rate notes repriced at intervals of 90 days or less.
 
(2)  As of December 31, 2002, repurchase agreements consist primarily of overnight investments that mature daily.

Debt Securities

Total debt outstanding increased 15 percent to $976 billion at September 30, 2003 from $851 billion at December 31, 2002. Table 12 shows a comparison of debt issuances and repayments between the three and nine months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002.

Table 12: Debt Activity

                                   
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




(Dollars in millions)
Issued:
                               
 
Amount
  $ 654,038     $ 472,046     $ 1,991,640     $ 1,384,935  
 
Average cost
    1.73 %     2.33 %     1.45 %     2.24 %
Redeemed:
                               
 
Amount
  $ 560,172     $ 466,775     $ 1,868,410     $ 1,356,944  
 
Average cost
    1.29 %     2.48 %     1.61 %     2.35 %

We adjust the maturity and redemption value of our outstanding debt to show the effect of our use of derivatives to supplement our issuance of debt and to hedge against fluctuations in interest rates. Table 13 shows that we increased the relative amount of our effective short-term debt relative to effective long-term debt and lowered our effective debt costs at September 30, 2003 compared to December 31, 2002 in response to the anticipated rise in mortgage asset liquidations and the steep yield curve. Table 14 shows the maturity and cost of our effective long-term debt.

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Table 13: Effective Short-Term and Long-Term Debt

                   
September 30, December 31,
2003 2002


(Dollars in millions)
Outstanding:
               
Short-term:(1)
               
 
Amount
  $ 274,362     $ 192,702  
 
Cost
    1.22 %     1.52 %
 
Weighted-average maturity (in months)
    2       3  
 
Percent of total debt outstanding
    28 %     23 %
Long-term:(2)
               
 
Amount
  $ 693,719     $ 651,827  
 
Cost
    5.33 %     5.48 %
 
Weighted-average maturity (in months)
    77       75  
 
Percent of total debt outstanding
    72 %     77 %
Total:
               
 
Amount(3)
  $ 968,081     $ 844,529  
 
Cost
    4.16 %     4.81 %
 
Weighted-average maturity (in months)
    56       58  


(1)  Represents the redemption value of short-term debt adjusted to include the effect of derivative instruments that replicate short-term, variable-rate debt securities and exclude short-term debt securities that have been economically converted into long-term debt funding through interest rate swaps.
 
(2)  Represents the redemption value of long-term debt adjusted to include the effect of short-to-long interest rate swaps that economically convert short-term debt securities into long-term debt securities and exclude long-term debt securities that have been economically converted into short-term funding through interest rate swaps.
 
(3)  Represents the redemption value of outstanding debt at period end. Excludes the effect of amortization of premiums, discounts, issuance costs, and hedging results.
 
Table 14:  Maturities of Effective Long-Term Debt
                                 
Assuming Callable Debt
Redeemed at Initial
Contractual Maturity Call Date


Amount Accounting Amount Accounting
Outstanding(1) Cost(2) Outstanding(1) Cost(2)




(Dollars in millions)
Currently callable
  $       %   $ 8,570       4.60 %
2003
    17,841       5.19       83,843       4.44  
2004
    79,231       5.00       224,179       4.93  
2005
    77,370       4.07       91,812       5.05  
2006
    79,138       3.99       74,689       5.18  
2007
    49,184       5.68       40,750       6.65  
2008 and later
    390,955       5.47       169,876       5.29  
     
     
     
     
 
Effective long-term debt before pay-fixed swaption effect
    693,719       5.10       693,719       5.10  
Pay-fixed swaption effect
          .23             .23  
     
     
     
     
 
Total effective long-term debt
  $ 693,719       5.33 %   $ 693,719       5.33 %
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  Amount outstanding includes long-term debt, effective fixed-rate debt and notional amount of long-term interest rate swaps. Also includes debt linked to swaptions, which makes it effective callable debt. Excludes effective variable-rate debt.
 
(2)  Accounting cost represents the monthly equivalent yield that discounts the amount due at maturity to the net proceeds over the expected life of the debt. Includes the effect of pay-fixed and receive-fixed swaps.

Table 15 shows option-embedded debt issued during the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 and 2002 and compares option-embedded debt instruments as a percentage of our net mortgage portfolio at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002. Seventy-one percent of the debt financing our mortgage portfolio had option-embedded protection at September 30, 2003, compared with 75 percent at December 31, 2002. Effectively callable debt accounted for 79 percent of the $656 billion in option-embedded debt outstanding at September 30, 2003. In comparison, effectively callable debt accounted for 58 percent of the $601 billion in option-embedded debt outstanding at December 31, 2002.

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Table 15: Option-Embedded Debt Instruments

                                 
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




(Dollars in billions)
Issued during period
  $ 107     $ 121     $ 320     $ 239  
                 
September 30, December 31,
2003 2002


Outstanding
    656       601  
Percentage of net mortgage portfolio
    71 %     75 %

Credit Guaranty Business

Our Credit Guaranty business has primary responsibility for managing Fannie Mae’s mortgage credit risk. Revenue generated by our Credit Guaranty business is primarily reflected in guaranty fee income. Our Credit Guaranty business generated core business earnings of $785 million and $2.238 billion for the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, an increase of 46 percent and 43 percent over the corresponding prior year periods. The increase in core business earnings for our Credit Guaranty business was driven primarily by growth in guaranty fee income, which increased by 28 percent over third quarter 2002 and 32 percent over the first nine months of 2002, largely due to growth in our average book of business and average fee rate during each period. Our average book of business during the third quarter of 2003 increased 22 percent over the prior year quarter, and the average fee rate increased 1 basis point to 19.6 basis points. Our average book of business during the first nine months of 2003 increased 20 percent, and the average fee rate increased 2 basis points to 20.2 basis points. The increase in the average fee rate was a result of faster revenue recognition of deferred fees due to accelerated prepayments from the unprecedented level of refinancings together with increased risk-based pricing fees. The average fee rate for our Credit Guaranty business includes the effect of guaranty fee income allocated to the Credit Guaranty business for managing the credit risk on most of the mortgage-related assets held by the Portfolio Investment business. It therefore differs from our consolidated average effective guaranty fee rate, which excludes guaranty fees on Fannie Mae MBS held in our portfolio because these fees are reported as interest income.

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

In the ordinary course of business, we enter into arrangements to facilitate our statutory purpose of providing mortgage funds to the secondary market and reduce Fannie Mae’s exposure to interest rate fluctuations. We structure transactions to meet the financial needs of customers, manage the Company’s credit, market or liquidity risks, diversify funding sources or optimize capital. Under GAAP, some of these arrangements are not recorded on Fannie Mae’s balance sheet or may be recorded in amounts different than the full contract or notional amount of the transaction. Prior to our July 1, 2003 adoption of FAS 149, our off-balance sheet arrangements included mortgage portfolio purchase commitments. Subsequent to our adoption of FAS 149, the majority of our mortgage purchase and sell commitments are recorded as derivatives on our balance sheet. Table 16 shows the contractual amount of our off-balance sheet arrangements at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002.

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Table 16: Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

                   
September 30, December 31,
2003 2002


(Dollars in billions)
Contractual amounts:
               
 
Outstanding MBS(1)
  $ 1,211     $ 1,029  
 
Master delivery commitments:(2)
               
 
Mandatory
    58       41  
 
Optional
    12       6  
 
Portfolio purchase commitments:
               
 
Mandatory(3)
          85  
 
Optional
    4       3  
 
Credit enhancements
    12       12  
Other investments
    3       3  


(1)  MBS held by investors other than Fannie Mae.
 
(2)  Master delivery commitments require lenders to either deliver loans to us for securitization or enter into a mandatory commitment to deliver loans or mortgage-related securities to us for purchase. These arrangements are off-balance sheet and not accounted for as derivatives unless we enter into a mandatory purchase commitment.
 
(3)  Effective with our July 1, 2003 adoption of FAS 149, mandatory mortgage purchase and sale commitments and optional purchase and sale commitments with a fixed price entered into subsequent to June 30, 2003 are accounted for as derivatives and recorded on Fannie Mae’s balance sheet at fair value.

Table 17 presents total MBS issued and MBS issues acquired by others, including REMICs, in the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 and 2002. In addition, it shows outstanding MBS held by other investors and total MBS outstanding at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002.

Table 17: Outstanding MBS(1)

                                 
Three Months Nine Months
Ended Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




(Dollars in millions)
MBS issues acquired by others
  $ 173,858     $ 112,592     $ 660,293     $ 322,305  
Total MBS issued(3)(4)
    349,926       156,861       995,485       462,819  
                 
September 30, December 31,
2003 2002


Outstanding MBS held by other investors
  $ 1,211,079     $ 1,029,456  
Total MBS outstanding(2)
    1,801,528       1,538,287  


(1)  MBS may be resecuritized to back Fannie Megas, SMBS, or REMICs. With respect to those MBS, the amounts shown only include the principal amount of the MBS once. Amounts also include REMICs created from whole loans not owned or guaranteed by Fannie Mae.
 
(2)  Includes $590 billion at September 30, 2003 and $509 billion at December 31, 2002 of MBS in Fannie Mae’s portfolio.
 
(3)  Total issued for the three months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002 includes $176 billion and $44 billion, respectively, of MBS purchased by Fannie Mae. Total issued for the three months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002 excludes $7 billion and $4 billion, respectively, of MBS that we issued from loans in our portfolio.
 
(4)  Total issued for the nine months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002 includes $335 billion and $141 billion, respectively, of MBS purchased by Fannie Mae. Total issued for the nine months ended September 30, 2003 and 2002 excludes $16 billion and $9 billion, respectively, of MBS that we issued from loans in our portfolio.

REMIC issuances totaled $75 billion and $220 billion in the third quarter and first nine months of 2003, compared with $36 billion and $94 billion in the third quarter and first nine months of 2002. Lower interest rates continued to fuel the volume of MBS issuances, making more collateral available for REMICs. The REMIC market remained attractive for investors during 2003 because of the effect of the steep yield curve. The outstanding balance of REMICs (including REMICs held in Fannie Mae’s portfolio) was $385 billion at September 30, 2003, compared with $347 billion at December 31, 2002.

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CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Fannie Mae’s financial statements and reported results are based on GAAP, which requires us in some cases to use estimates and assumptions that may affect our reported results and disclosures. We believe the application of the following accounting policies involve the most critical or complex estimates and assumptions used in preparing Fannie Mae’s financial statements: determining the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses and guaranty liability for MBS; projecting mortgage prepayments to calculate the amortization of deferred price adjustments on mortgages and mortgage-related securities held in portfolio and guaranteed mortgage-related securities; and estimating the time value of our purchased options. We discuss the assumptions involved in applying these policies in Fannie Mae’s 2002 Annual Report on Form 10-K under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation—Application of Critical Accounting Policies.”

As of September 30, 2003, we had not made any significant changes to the estimates and assumptions used in applying our critical accounting policies from our audited financial statements except as follows. In conjunction with our ongoing assessment and continual updating of assumptions, management updated the prepayment projections for mortgages and mortgage-related securities held in portfolio and guaranteed mortgage-related securities as a result of higher interest rates. This will result in a deceleration of the recognition of deferred price adjustments related to our guaranty business as discussed in the guaranty fee section. While we believe our estimates and assumptions are reasonable based on historical experience and other factors, actual results could differ from those estimates and these differences could be material to the financial statements.

RISK MANAGEMENT

Fannie Mae is exposed to several major areas of risk, including interest rate risk and credit risk, that are discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2002 under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation—Risk Management.”

Corporate Financial Disciplines

We completed a comprehensive review and assessment of our corporate financial disciplines during 2003. In conjunction with this assessment, we adopted the following internal financial discipline objectives.

•  To maintain a standalone “risk-to-the-government” credit rating from Standard and Poor’s (“S&P”) of at least AA-, and to maintain a standalone “bank financial strength” credit rating from Moody’s Investors Service (“Moody’s”) of at least A-:

  Our senior debt securities carry AAA/Aaa ratings. We also are given “standalone” credit ratings by both Standard and Poor’s and Moody’s. These standalone ratings are important external indicators of Fannie Mae’s intrinsic financial strength.

•  To sufficiently capitalize and hedge our mortgage portfolio and credit guaranty business so that each is able to withstand internal and external “stress tests” set to at least a AA/Aa standard:

  The most common way that regulators, rating agencies and financial analysts judge the adequacy of a company’s capital and the quality of its risk management practices is by assessing how well that company would perform under conditions of extreme and prolonged economic and financial stress.
 
  Our regulator uses a quarterly risk-based capital stress test to evaluate Fannie Mae’s capital adequacy, and it makes the results of these tests public. This risk-based capital test provides the company with a direct regulatory incentive to maintain a low risk profile. We traditionally have used stress tests internally as well.

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•  To keep our mortgage interest rate and credit risks low enough that over time our core business earnings are less variable than the median of all AA/Aa and AAA/Aaa S&P 500 companies.

  We examined the net income pattern over the past ten years of all of the companies that were able to maintain ratings of AA-/Aa3 or higher during the entire period. From this review we determined that we should set as an objective to manage our interest rate and credit risks so that Fannie Mae’s long-term earnings variability remains below the median of all AA/Aa and AAA/Aaa companies. In conjunction with our stress test standards, we believe that meeting this income variability objective will allow us to maintain our standalone ratings with a comfortable margin of safety, and possibly to improve them.

Interest Rate Risk Management

Interest rate risk is the risk of loss to future earnings or long-term value that may result from changes in interest rates. We utilize a wide range of risk measures and analyses to manage the interest rate risk inherent in the mortgage portfolio, including ongoing business risk measures and run-off measures of the existing portfolio. We rely on net interest income at risk as our primary ongoing business measure of interest rate risk and the portfolio duration gap as our primary run-off measure of interest rate risk. We disclose our net interest income at risk and duration gap measures on a monthly basis. We believe these measures together provide a more informative profile of our overall interest rate risk position than either measure alone.

•  Net Interest Income at Risk

Net interest income at risk measures the projected impact of changes in the level of interest rates and the shape of the yield curve on the mortgage portfolio’s expected or “base” core net interest income over the immediate future one- and four-year periods. Our net interest income at risk disclosure represents the extent to which our core net interest income over the next one-year and four-year periods is at risk due to a plus or minus 50 basis point parallel change in the current Fannie Mae yield curve and from a 25 basis point change in the slope of Fannie Mae’s yield curve. We selected these interest rate change scenarios as part of our six voluntary initiatives announced in 2000.

Table 18 compares net interest income at risk over a one-year and four-year period under each of the interest rate scenarios at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002. A positive number indicates the percent by which projected adjusted net interest income could be reduced by the rate shock. These calculations reflect management’s assumptions of most likely market conditions. Actual portfolio core net interest income may differ from these calculations because of specific interest rate movements, changing business conditions, changing prepayments, and management actions.

Table 18: Net Interest Income at Risk

                                 
Assuming a 50 basis Assuming a 25 basis
point change in point change in slope
interest rates of the yield curve


One-year Four-year One-year Four-year




September 30, 2003
    2.7 %     1.3 %     5.2 %     6.8 %
December 31, 2002
    .6       1.6       4.7       6.6  

• Duration Gap

We apply the same interest rate process, prepayment models, and volatility assumptions used in our net interest income at risk measure to generate the portfolio duration gap. However, we do not incorporate projected future business activity or nonmortgage investments into our duration gap measure. The duration gap measures the difference between the estimated durations of portfolio assets and liabilities and summarizes the extent to which estimated cash flows for assets and liabilities are matched, on average, over time and across interest rate scenarios. A positive duration gap signals a greater exposure to rising

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interest rates because it indicates that the duration of our assets exceeds the duration of our liabilities. A negative duration gap signals a greater exposure to declining interest rates because the duration of our assets is less than the duration of our liabilities.

Effective for the month of March 2003, we began reporting our duration gap as a weighted average for the month. Previously, we had reported the duration gap as of the last business day of each month. We believe that reporting a weighted average monthly duration gap provides a more representative measure of our portfolio’s risk position for the month and reduces the effect of any financial anomalies that may occur on the last day of the month. Fannie Mae’s duration gap for September 2003 calculated on a monthly average basis was positive 1 month. In comparison, the duration gap calculated at month end was minus 5 months at December 31, 2002.

To the extent possible, we maintain a relatively close match between the durations of the assets and liabilities in our mortgage portfolio investment business using a combination of option-based funding and rebalancing actions to meet this objective. Prior to 2003, Fannie Mae’s duration gap has been wider than plus or minus 6 months approximately one-third of the time. In 2003 as part of the assessment of our corporate financial disciplines, we adopted an internal objective to maintain the portfolio’s duration gap within a range of plus-or-minus six months substantially all of the time. This more narrow range for the portfolio duration gap should reduce potential variability in our core business earnings, but may over the longer term produce a somewhat lower net interest margin. Our duration gap stayed within our preferred range during each month of the third quarter of 2003 despite a 105 basis point surge in 10-year, treasury yields and subsequent decline of 66 basis points during the quarter.

Derivatives

Derivative instruments are important tools that we use to manage interest rate risk and supplement our issuance of debt in the capital markets. The types of derivatives we use—primarily interest-rate swaps, basis swaps, swaptions, and caps—are generally regarded in the marketplace as relatively straightforward derivative instruments. We are an end user of these instruments and do not take speculative positions with these derivatives. We primarily use derivative instruments as a substitute for notes and bonds we issue in the debt markets. The ability to either issue debt securities or modify debt through the use of derivatives increases our funding flexibility and potentially reduces our overall funding costs. The funding flexibility provided by using these types of derivatives also helps us to better match the cash flow variability inherent in mortgages.

Table 19 summarizes the notional balances and fair values of our derivative instruments by type at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002. Table 20 shows the additions and maturities of derivatives by type for the nine months ended September 30, 2003, along with the expected maturities of derivatives outstanding at September 30, 2003. Tables 19 and 20 do not include our mortgage commitments that are accounted for as derivatives. We discuss our mortgage commitments in the mortgage portfolio section of “MD&A—Core Business Earnings and Business Segment Results—Portfolio Investment Business.”

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Table 19: Notional Amounts and Net Fair Values of Derivative Instruments

                                   
September 30, 2003 December 31, 2002


Notional Net Fair Notional Net Fair
Amounts Values(1) Amounts Values(1)




(Dollars in millions)
Pay-fixed swaps
  $ 327,717     $ (16,843 )   $ 168,512     $ (17,892 )
Receive-fixed swaps
    187,746       4,389       52,370       4,010  
Basis swaps
    39,600       10       25,525       4  
Caps and swaptions
    444,200       15,813       397,868       12,834  
Forward starting swaps
    66,750       (1,854 )     8,200       (854 )
Other(2)
    6,037       829       4,120       (133 )
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total
  $ 1,072,050     $ 2,344     $ 656,595     $ (2,031 )
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  Based on end of period fair values, estimated by calculating the cost, on a net present value basis, to settle at current market rates all outstanding derivative contracts.
 
(2)  Includes foreign currency swaps, futures contracts, and other derivative instruments that provide a hedge against interest rate fluctuations.

Table 20: Activity and Maturity Data for Derivative Instruments

                                                                             
Pay-Fixed/
Receive-Variable Swaps(2)

Receive-Fixed/ Forward
Pay Receive Pay-Variable Basis Caps and Starting
Amount Rate(3) Rate(3) Swaps Swaps Swaptions Swaps Other(4) Total









(Dollars in millions)
Notional Amounts:(1)
                                                                       
Notional balance at December 31, 2002.
  $ 168,512       6.07 %     1.67 %   $ 52,370     $ 25,525     $ 397,868     $ 8,200     $ 4,120     $ 656,595  
 
Additions
    184,175       3.56       1.19       180,783       35,205       185,681       107,995       4,936       698,775  
 
Maturities(5)
    24,970       4.89       1.34       45,407       21,130       139,349       49,445       3,019       283,320  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Notional balance at September 30, 2003
  $ 327,717       4.78 %     1.13 %   $ 187,746     $ 39,600     $ 444,200     $ 66,750     $ 6,037     $ 1,072,050  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Future Maturities of Notional Amounts:(6)
                                                                       
 
2003
  $ 8,910       4.90 %     1.11 %   $ 6,009     $ 9,000     $ 18,850     $ 36,075     $ 2,367     $ 81,211  
 
2004
    15,000       5.58       1.12       51,689       20,825       76,020       9,575       68       173,177  
 
2005
    25,340       3.57       1.11       17,835       8,600       90,800       13,450       56       156,081  
 
2006
    22,205       4.37       1.11       15,350       330       23,200       4,850             65,935  
 
2007
    17,050       5.14       1.13       31,335             14,000       1,400       1,949       65,734  
 
Thereafter
    239,212       4.87       1.13       65,528       845       221,330       1,400       1,597       529,912  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total
  $ 327,717       4.78 %     1.13 %   $ 187,746     $ 39,600     $ 444,200     $ 66,750     $ 6,037     $ 1,072,050  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  Dollars represent notional amounts that indicate only the amount on which payments are being calculated and do not represent the amount at risk of loss.
 
(2)  Notional amounts include callable swaps of $36 billion and $35 billion with weighted-average pay rates of 6.72 percent and 6.75 percent and weighted-average receive rates of 1.14 percent and 1.68 percent at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002, respectively.
 
(3)  The weighted-average interest rate payable and receivable is as of the date indicated. The interest rates of the swaps may be variable rate, so these rates may change as prevailing interest rates change.
 
(4)  Includes foreign currency swaps, futures contracts, and other derivative instruments that provide a hedge against interest rate fluctuations. Derivatives that served as economic hedges but did not meet the criteria for hedge accounting under FAS 133 totaled $69 million at September 30, 2003.
 
(5)  Includes matured, called, exercised, and terminated amounts.
 
(6)  Based on stated maturities. Assumes that variable interest rates remain constant at September 30, 2003 levels.

At September 30, 2003, all of the $1,072 billion outstanding notional amount of derivatives were with counterparties rated A or better both by S&P and Moody’s. Our derivative instruments were diversified to reduce our credit risk concentrations among 23 counterparties at September 30, 2003, compared with 21 counterparties at December 31, 2002. Of the 23 counterparties at September 30, 2003, seven counterparties accounted for approximately 74 percent of the total notional amount outstanding, and each

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of these seven counterparties ranged between 6 percent and 17 percent of the total outstanding notional amount. Each of the remaining counterparties accounted for less than five percent of the total outstanding notional amount at September 30, 2003. In comparison, eight counterparties with credit ratings of A or better accounted for approximately 76 percent of the total notional amount of outstanding derivatives transactions at December 31, 2002.

Our primary credit exposure on a derivative transaction is that a counterparty might default on payments due, which could result in Fannie Mae having to replace the derivative with a different counterparty at a higher cost. Although notional principal is a commonly used measure of volume in the derivatives market, it is not a meaningful measure of market or credit risk since the notional amount does not change hands other than in the case of foreign currency swaps. Counterparties use the notional amounts of derivative instruments to calculate contractual cash flows to be exchanged. However, the notional amount is significantly greater than the potential market or credit loss that could result from such transactions. The replacement cost, after consideration of offsetting arrangements such as master netting agreements and collateral held, to settle at current market prices all outstanding derivatives in a gain position is a more meaningful measure of our credit market exposure on derivatives. Table 21 shows our exposure on derivatives at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002 by maturity and counterparty credit ratings based on these maturities.

Table 21: Credit Loss Exposure of Derivative Instruments(1)

                                                                           
September 30, 2003 December 31, 2002


Credit Rating Credit Rating


AAA AA A Total AAA AA A BBB Total









(Dollars in millions)
Less than 1 year
  $     $ 46     $ 15     $ 61     $     $ 69     $ 6     $     $ 75  
1 to 5 years
    3       928       340       1,271             486       116             602  
Over 5 years
    28       2,510       3,000       5,538       21       1,334       2,328             3,683  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Subtotal
    31       3,484       3,355       6,870       21       1,889       2,450             4,360  
 
Maturity Distribution Netting(2)
    (31 )     (877 )     (278 )     (1,186 )     (21 )     (368 )     (670 )           (1,059 )
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Exposure
          2,607       3,077       5,684             1,521       1,780             3,301  
Collateral Held
          2,407       3,048       5,455             1,382       1,722             3,104  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Exposure Net of Collateral
  $     $ 200     $ 29     $ 229     $     $ 139     $ 58     $     $ 197  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Notional Amount
  $ 17,795     $ 502,655     $ 551,600     $ 1,072,050     $ 21,045     $ 316,813     $ 318,487     $ 250     $ 656,595  
 
Number of Counterparties
    4       11       8       23       2       11       7       1       21  


(1)  Represents the exposure to credit loss on derivative instruments, which is estimated by calculating the cost, on a present value basis, to replace all outstanding contracts in a gain position. Reported on a net-by-counterparty basis where a legal right of offset exists under an enforceable master settlement agreement. Derivative gains and losses with the same counterparty in the same maturity category are presented net within the maturity category.
 
(2)  Represents impact of netting of derivatives in a gain position and derivatives in a loss position for the same counterparty across maturity categories.

Our derivative credit exposure, net of collateral held, was $229 million at September 30, 2003, compared with $197 million at December 31, 2002. We expect the credit exposure on derivative contracts to fluctuate as interest rates change. Our derivative credit loss exposure, net of collateral held, at September 30, 2003 represented approximately 2 weeks of annualized pre-tax core business earnings.

At September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002, 100 percent of our exposure on derivatives, before consideration of collateral held, was with counterparties rated A or better by S&P and Moody’s. Six counterparties accounted for approximately 96 percent of our exposure on derivatives before consideration of collateral held at September 30, 2003, and five counterparties accounted for approximately 92 percent of our exposure at December 31, 2002. Ninety-nine percent of our net exposure of $229 million at September 30, 2003 was with seven counterparties rated AA or better by S&P and Aa or better by Moody’s. The percentage of our exposure with each of these seven counterparties ranged from 1 to 24 percent. In comparison, six counterparties rated AA or better by S&P and Aa or better by Moody’s accounted for 71 percent of our net exposure of $197 million at December 31, 2002.

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Fannie Mae has never experienced a loss on a derivative transaction due to credit default by a counterparty. The credit risk on our derivative transactions is low because our counterparties are of very high credit quality. Our derivative counterparties consist of large banks, broker-dealers, and other financial institutions that have a significant presence in the derivatives market, most of whom are based in the United States. We manage derivative counterparty credit risk by contracting only with experienced counterparties that have high credit ratings. We initiate derivative contracts only with counterparties rated A or better. As an additional precaution, we have a conservative collateral management policy with provisions for requiring collateral on our derivative contracts in gain positions. Additional information on mortgage commitments accounted for as derivatives under FAS 149 is presented in the mortgage portfolio section of “MD&A—Core Business Earnings and Business Segment Results—Portfolio Investment Business” and in the Notes to Financial Statements.

Credit Risk Management

Credit risk is the risk of loss to future earnings or future cash flows that may result from the failure of a borrower or institution to fulfill its contractual obligation to make payments to Fannie Mae or an institution’s failure to perform a service for us.

Mortgage Credit Risk

Table 22 shows statistics related to our mortgage credit performance. The serious delinquency rates reported in this table are based on conventional loans in our single-family mortgage credit book for which we have access to loan level data and our total multifamily mortgage credit book of business.

Table 22: Mortgage Credit Performance

                                                   
Credit-Related Losses(1)

Three Months Nine Months
Ended Ended Serious Delinquency Rate(2)
September 30, September 30,


September 30, December 31,
2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002






(Dollars in millions)
Single-family
  $ 30     $ 13     $ 68     $ 50       .58 %     .57 %
Multifamily
    7       1       12       3       .12       .05  
     
     
     
     
                 
 
Total
  $ 37     $ 14     $ 80     $ 53                  
     
     
     
     
                 
Credit loss ratio(3)
    .007 %     .003 %     .005 %     .004 %                
                                                   
Number of Properties Acquired

Three Months Nine Months
Ended Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




Single-family
    6,882       5,060       19,369       14,085                  
Multifamily
    8       2       11       2                  
     
     
     
     
                 
 
Total
    6,890       5,062       19,380       14,087                  
     
     
     
     
                 


(1)  Includes charge-offs and foreclosed property income (expense).
 
(2)  Serious delinquency rate for conventional single-family includes loans 90 days or more past due and loans in the process of foreclosure and is calculated based on number of loans. Serious delinquency rate for multifamily includes loans 60 days or more past due and is calculated based on unpaid principal balance.
 
(3)  Represents annualized credit-related losses divided by average book of business.

Although credit-related losses increased during the third quarter and first nine months of 2003 over the prior year, our overall credit performance has remained very good despite an increase in the number of properties acquired through foreclosure. Our credit loss ratio— annualized credit-related losses as a percentage of Fannie Mae’s average book of business— was .7 basis points for the third quarter of 2003 and .5 basis points in the first nine months of 2003, compared with .3 basis points in the third quarter of

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2002 and .4 basis points in the first nine months of 2002. Our book of business includes mortgages and MBS in our mortgage portfolio and outstanding MBS held by other investors. The increase in credit-related losses reflects continued growth in the number of single-family properties acquired through foreclosure, together with a modest increase in loss severity during the third quarter. However, our loss mitigation strategies and targeted credit enhancements, coupled with the strong housing market, have helped us continue to maintain historically low levels of credit losses during 2003.

Table 23 compares the serious delinquency rates for conventional single-family loans with credit enhancements and without credit enhancements at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002. The information in Table 23 is based on conventional loans in our single-family mortgage credit book for which we have access to loan level data.

Table 23: Conventional Single-Family Serious Delinquency Rates

                                   
September 30, 2003 December 31, 2002


Serious Serious
Book Delinquency Book Delinquency
Outstanding(1) Rate(2) Outstanding(1) Rate(2)




Credit enhanced
    22 %     1.56 %     27 %     1.29 %
Non-credit enhanced
    78       .29       73       .31  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Total conventional loans
    100 %     .58 %     100 %     .57 %
     
     
     
     
 


(1)  Reported based on unpaid principal balance.
 
(2)  Reported based on number of loans.

The serious delinquency rate for conventional loans in our single-family mortgage credit book at September 30, 2003 increased slightly to .58 percent from .57 percent at December 31, 2002. The serious delinquency rate for conventional loans in our single-family mortgage credit book without credit enhancement improved to ..29 percent at September 30, 2003, compared with ..31 percent at December 31, 2002. The serious delinquency rate for conventional loans in our single-family mortgage credit book with credit enhancement increased to 1.56 percent from 1.29 percent at the end of 2002. These loans have a higher risk profile and tend to be more sensitive to changes in the economy than loans without credit enhancement.

As part of our voluntary safety and soundness initiatives, we disclose on a quarterly lagged basis the lifetime credit loss sensitivity of the present value of expected future credit losses to an immediate 5 percent decline in home values. We base our lifetime credit loss sensitivity on all single-family mortgages held in Fannie Mae’s portfolio and underlying guaranteed MBS and calculate and report the amount before receipt of private mortgage insurance claims and any other credit enhancements and after receipt of expected mortgage insurance other credit enhancements. The lifetime credit loss sensitivity before and after credit enhancements was $2.084 billion and $758 million, respectively, at June 30, 2003, compared with $1.838 billion and $596 million at December 31, 2002.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Liquidity

Our primary sources of liquidity include proceeds from the issuance of debt, principal and interest received on our mortgage portfolio, guaranty fees earned on our MBS, and principal and interest received on our liquid investment portfolio. Primary uses of liquidity include the purchase of mortgage assets, repayment of debt, interest payments, administrative expenses, taxes, and fulfillment of our MBS guaranty obligations. Our mortgage asset purchases based on unpaid principal balance totaled $254 billion in the third quarter of 2003 and $514 billion in the first nine months of 2003. We issued $654 billion in debt during the third quarter of 2003 and $1.992 trillion during the first nine months of 2003 to fund those purchases and to replace maturing, called or repurchased debt. Our debt securities, and the interest payable thereon, are not

33


 

guaranteed by the United States and do not constitute a debt or obligation of the United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof other than Fannie Mae.

As part of our voluntary commitments, we have publicly pledged to maintain a portfolio of high-quality, liquid, investments equal to at least 5 percent of total on-balance-sheet assets. Our liquid assets totaled $57 billion at September 30, 2003, compared with $58 billion at December 31, 2002. The ratio of our liquid assets to total assets was 5.6 percent at September 30, 2003 and 6.6 percent at December 31, 2002.

Capital Resources

Fannie Mae is subject to capital adequacy standards established by the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 (“1992 Act”) and continuous examination by the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight (“OFHEO”), which was established by the 1992 Act. The capital adequacy standards require that our core capital (defined by OFHEO as the stated value of outstanding common stock, the stated value of outstanding noncumulative perpetual preferred stock, paid-in capital, and retained earnings, less treasury stock) equal or exceed a minimum capital standard and a critical capital standard. Core capital excludes accumulated other comprehensive income/loss because AOCI incorporates gains (losses) on derivatives and certain securities, but not the gains (losses) on the remaining mortgages and securities or liabilities used to fund the purchase of these items. Table 24 compares Fannie Mae’s core capital and total capital at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002 to our capital requirements. Total capital is defined by OFHEO as core capital plus the general allowance for losses. Core capital grew to $32.8 billion at September 30, 2003 from $28.1 billion at December 31, 2002, while total capital increased by $4.7 billion to $33.5 billion at September 30, 2003.

Table 24: Capital Requirements(1)

                         
September 30, June 30, December 31,
2003 2003 2002



(Dollars in millions)
Core capital(2)
  $ 32,752     $ 30,675     $ 28,079  
Required minimum capital(3)(4)
    31,435       29,147       27,203  
     
     
     
 
Excess of core capital over minimum capital
  $ 1,316     $ 1,527     $ 877  
     
     
     
 
Total capital(5)
  $ 33,542     $ 31,469     $ 28,871  
Required risk-based capital(6)
    Not available       18,114       17,434  
             
     
 
Excess of total capital over required risk-based capital (6)
    Not available     $ 13,355     $ 11,437  
             
     
 
Required critical capital(4)(7)
  $ 16,050     $ 14,912     $ 13,880  
Excess of core capital over required critical capital
    16,701       15,762       14,199  


(1)  Amounts at September 30, 2003 represent estimates, pending OFHEO’s certification, which is generally provided no later than 3 months following the end of each quarter.
 
(2)  The sum of (a) the stated value of outstanding common stock; (b) the stated value of outstanding noncumulative perpetual preferred stock; (c) paid-in capital; and (d) retained earnings, less treasury stock. Core capital excludes accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI).
 
(3)  The sum of (a) 2.50 percent of on-balance sheet assets; (b) .45 percent of outstanding MBS; and (c) .45 percent of other off-balance sheet obligations, which may be adjusted by the Director of OFHEO under certain circumstances (See 12 CFR 1750.4 for existing adjustments made by the Director of OFHEO).
 
(4)  The December 31, 2002 amounts do not reflect the effect of the balance sheet reclassification of amounts associated with the guaranty obligation for MBS that we own from our “Allowance for loan losses” to a “Guaranty liability for MBS.”
 
(5)  The sum of (a) core capital and (b) the total allowance for loan losses and guaranty liability for MBS, less (c) the specific loss allowance. Specific loss allowances totaled $9 million, $13 million, and $19 million at September 30, 2003, June 30, 2003, and December 31, 2002, respectively.
 
(6)  Amounts at September 30, 2003 will not be available until the end of December 2003. OFHEO reports on Fannie Mae’s risk-based capital at the end of each quarter on a lagged quarterly basis.
 
(7)  The sum of (a) 1.25 percent of on-balance sheet assets; (b) .25 percent of outstanding MBS; and (c) .25 percent of other off-balance sheet obligations, which may be adjusted by the Director of OFHEO under certain circumstances.

Common shares outstanding, net of shares held in treasury, totaled approximately 971 million and 989 million at September 30, 2003 and December 31, 2002, respectively. During the first nine months of

34


 

2003, Fannie Mae issued approximately 1.8 million common shares from treasury for employee and other stock compensation plans. We repurchased 19.5 million common shares during the first nine months of 2003 at a weighted average cost of $64.88 per share.

We raised additional equity from the issuance of 4.5 million shares or $225 million of fixed rate Non-Cumulative Preferred Stock, Series N on September 25, 2003. Preferred stock accounted for 12.5 percent of our core capital at September 30, 2003, versus 9.5 percent at December 31, 2002. We also issued $1.0 billion of subordinated debt during the third quarter of 2003. Subordinated debt totaled $12.5 billion at September 30, 2003, or 1.2 percent of on-balance sheet assets. Total capital and outstanding subordinated debt represented 3.8 percent of on-balance sheet assets at September 30, 2003 and 3.7 percent of on-balance sheet assets at December 31, 2002. Subordinated debt serves as a supplement to our equity capital, although it is not a component of core capital. We expect to meet our voluntary initiative to issue sufficient subordinated debt to bring the sum of total capital and outstanding subordinated debt to at least 4 percent of on-balance sheet assets, after providing adequate capital to support off-balance sheet MBS, by the end of 2003.

Our credit quality is continuously monitored by rating agencies. At September 30, 2003, our senior unsecured debt had a rating of AAA by S&P, Aaa by Moody’s, and AAA by Fitch, Inc, unchanged from the ratings at December 31, 2002. Our short-term debt was rated A-1+, Prime-1 or P-1, and F1+ by S&P, Moody’s, and Fitch, respectively, at September 30, 2003, also unchanged from the ratings at December 31, 2002.

PENDING ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities

FASB Interpretation No. 46, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities (“FIN 46”), was issued in January 2003. FIN 46 provides guidance on when a company should include the assets, liabilities, and activities of a variable interest entity (“VIE”) in its financial statements and when it should disclose information about its relationship with a VIE. A VIE is a legal structure used to conduct activities or hold assets, which must be consolidated by a company if it is the primary beneficiary because it absorbs the majority of the entity’s expected losses, the majority of the expected returns, or both. Qualified special purpose entities (“QSPEs”), which we use to issue MBS, are exempt from FIN 46 unless a company has the unilateral ability to liquidate or change the QSPE. The provisions of FIN 46 were effective February 1, 2003 for all arrangements entered into after January 31, 2003. FIN 46 was initially effective in the third quarter of 2003 for arrangements entered into prior to January 31, 2003. However, the effective date has been delayed to the fourth quarter of 2003 for arrangements entered into prior to January 31, 2003.

We are continuing to evaluate whether we have relationships with VIEs and, if so, whether we should consolidate them and disclose information about them as either the primary beneficiary or as an interest holder. The FASB has issued ongoing guidance related to the application of FIN 46 and has recently issued a proposed clarification and modification of FIN 46 for comment. When this guidance is finalized, it may affect our determination of whether certain entities are VIEs and the potential consolidation of these entities. Based on existing guidance and our current analysis, several entities that we are involved with—primarily low-income housing tax credit partnerships—meet the definition of a VIE. However, we do not believe that we will be required to consolidate our interests in these VIEs under FIN 46 based on our preliminary assessment. We currently record the amount of our investment in these partnerships as an asset on our balance sheet, recognize our share of partnership income or losses in our income statement, and disclose how we account for the most significant of these investments in our 2002 financial statements.

35


 

Item 1. Financial Statements

Independent Accountant’s Review Report

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Fannie Mae:

We have reviewed the accompanying balance sheet of Fannie Mae as of September 30, 2003 and related statements of income, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2003 and 2002. These condensed financial statements are the responsibility of Fannie Mae’s management.

We conducted our review in accordance with standards established by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures to financial data and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the condensed financial statements referred to above for them to be in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have previously audited, in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America, the balance sheet of Fannie Mae as of December 31, 2002 and the related statements of income, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended (not presented herein). In our report dated January 14, 2003, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying balance sheet as of December 31, 2002, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the balance sheet from which it has been derived.

  /s/ KPMG LLP
 
  KPMG LLP

Washington, D.C.

October 29, 2003

36


 

FANNIE MAE

Statements of Income
(Dollars and shares in millions, except per share amounts)
                                     
Three Months Nine Months
Ended Ended
September 30, September 30,


2003 2002 2003 2002




(Unaudited)
Interest income:
                               
 
Mortgage portfolio
  $ 12,271     $ 12,383     $ 37,117     $ 36,880  
 
Liquid investments
    287       382       929       1,208  
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total interest income
    12,558       12,765       38,046       38,088  
     
     
     
     
 
Interest expense:
                               
 
Short-term debt
    728       536       2,175       1,966  
 
Long-term debt
    8,341       9,638       25,513       28,568  
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total interest expense
    9,069       10,174       27,688       30,534  
     
     
     
     
 
   
Net interest income
    3,489       2,591       10,358       7,554  
     
     
     
     
 
Other income:
                               
 
Guaranty fee income (includes imputed interest of $74 million and $95 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2003— see Note 2)
    613       463       1,792       1,293  
 
Fee and other income, net
    104       91       449       137  
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total other income
    717       554       2,241       1,430  
     
     
     
     
 
Other expenses (income):
                               
 
Provision for losses
    28       25       77       87  
 
Foreclosed property expense (income)
    1       (12 )     (5 )     (28 )
 
Administrative expenses
    347       315       1,045       906  
 
Purchased options (income) expense
    (473 )     1,378       2,035       2,664  
 
Debt extinguishments, net
    902       138       2,034       534  
     
     
     
     
 
   
Total other expenses (income)
    805       1,844       5,186       4,163  
     
     
     
     
 
Income before federal income taxes and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle
    3,401       1,301       7,413       4,821  
Provision for federal income taxes
    (920 )     (307 )     (1,890 )     (1,154 )
     
     
     
     
 
Income before cumulative effect of change in accounting principle
    2,481       994       5,523       3,667  
Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle, net of tax effect
    185             185        
     
     
     
     
 
Net income
  $ 2,666     $ 994     $ 5,708     $ 3,667  
     
     
     
     
 
Preferred stock dividends and issuance costs
    (42 )     (26 )     (106 )     (91 )
     
     
     
     
 
Net income available to common stockholders
  $ 2,624     $ 968     $ 5,602     $ 3,576  
     
     
     
     
 
Basic earnings per common share:
                               
 
Earnings before cumulative effect of change in accounting principle
  $ 2.51     $ .98     $ 5.53     $ 3.60  
 
Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle
    .19             .19        
     
     
     
     
 
 
Net earnings
  $ 2.70     $ .98     $ 5.72     $ 3.60  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Diluted earnings per common share:
                               
 
Earnings before cumulative effect of change in accounting principle
  $ 2.50     $ .97     $ 5.51     $ 3.58  
 
Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle
    .19             .19        
     
     
     
     
 
 
Net earnings
  $ 2.69     $ .97     $ 5.70     $ 3.58  
     
     
     
     
 
 
Cash dividends per common share
  $ .45     $ .33     $ 1.23     $ .99  
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
                               
 
Basic
    973       990       980       994  
 
Diluted
    976       994       983       999  

See Notes to Financial Statements.

37


 

FANNIE MAE

Balance Sheets
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
                         
September 30, December 31,
2003 2002


(Unaudited)
Assets
               
 
Mortgage portfolio:
               
   
Mortgage-related securities:
               
     
Held-to-maturity
  $ 501,324     $ 437,932  
     
Available-for-sale
    190,915       173,706  
     
     
 
       
Total
    692,239       611,638  
   
Loans held-for-investment
    227,658       189,147  
       
Allowance for loan losses
    (87 )     (79 )
       
Unamortized premiums (discounts) and deferred price adjustments, net
    1,361       337  
     
     
 
 
Mortgage portfolio, net
    921,171       801,043  
   
Loans held for securitization or sale
    4,757       17,201  
     
     
 
 
Total mortgage assets
    925,928       818,244  
 
Nonmortgage investments:
               
     
Held-to-maturity
    7,912       2,499  
     
Available-for-sale
    43,407       36,794  
 
Cash and cash equivalents
    1,356       1,710  
 
Accrued interest receivable
    6,133       4,915  
 
Acquired property and foreclosure claims, net
    1,347       1,033  
 
Derivatives in gain positions
    7,727       3,666  
 
Other
    25,361       18,654  
     
     
 
Total assets
  $ 1,019,171     $ 887,515  
     
     
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
               
Liabilities:
               
 
Debentures, notes and bonds, net:
               
   
Senior debt:
               
     
Due within one year
  $ 496,314     $ 382,412  
     
Due after one year
    466,929       458,600  
   
Subordinated debt:
               
     
Due after one year
    12,491       9,970  
     
     
 
       
Total
    975,734       850,982  
 
Accrued interest payable
    9,139       8,379  
 
Derivatives in loss positions
    5,059       5,697  
 
Guaranty liability for MBS
    713       729  
 
Other
    11,002       5,440  
     
     
 
   
Total liabilities
    1,001,647       871,227  
     
     
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity:
               
 
Preferred stock, $50 stated value, 100 million shares authorized—82.2 million shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2003 and 53.6 million shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2002
    4,108       2,678  
 
Common stock, $.525 stated value, $1.23 of dividends per share during the first nine months of 2003 and $1.32 of dividends per share paid in 2002; no maximum authorization—1,129 million shares issued
    593       593  
 
Additional paid-in capital
    1,851       1,839  
 
Retained earnings
    33,781       29,385  
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (15,228 )     (11,792 )
     
     
 
      25,105       22,703  
 
 
Less: Treasury stock, at cost, 158 million shares at September 30, 2003 and 140 million shares at December 31, 2002
    7,581       6,415  
     
     
 
 
Total stockholders’ equity
    17,524       16,288  
     
     
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 1,019,171     $ 887,515  
     
     
 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

38


 

FANNIE MAE

Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
(Dollars and shares in millions)
                                                                       
Accumulated
Net Other
Common Additional Comprehensive Total
Shares Preferred Common Paid-In Retained Income Treasury Stockholders’
Outstanding Stock Stock Capital Earnings (Loss) Stock Equity








(Unaudited)
Balance at December 31, 2002
    989     $ 2,678     $ 593     $ 1,839     $ 29,385     $ (11,792 )   $ (6,415 )   $ 16,288  
 
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
   
Net income
                            5,708                   5,708  
   
Other comprehensive income, net of tax effect:
                                                               
     
Net cash flow hedging gains on derivatives
                                  159             159  
     
Net cash flow hedging losses on commitments accounted for as derivatives
                                  (2,551 )           (2,551 )
     
Unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities
                                  (1,044 )           (1,044 )
                                                             
 
   
Total comprehensive income
                                                            2,272  
 
Dividends
                            (1,312 )                 (1,312 )
 
Shares repurchased
    (20 )                                   (1,264 )     (1,264 )
 
Preferred stock issued
          1,430             (13 )                       1,417  
 
Treasury stock issued for stock options and benefit plans
    2                   25                   98       123  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Balance at September 30, 2003
    971     $ 4,108     $ 593     $ 1,851     $ 33,781     $ (15,228 )   $ (7,581 )   $ 17,524  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2001
    997     $ 2,303     $ 593     $ 1,651     $ 26,175     $ (7,065 )   $ (5,539 )   $ 18,118  
 
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
   
Net income
                            3,667                   3,667  
   
Other comprehensive income, net of tax effect:
                                                               
     
Net cash flow hedging losses on derivatives
                                  (9,136 )           (9,136 )
     
Reclassification of securities from held-to-maturity to available-for-sale under FAS 115
                                  3,539             3,539  
     
Unrealized gains on available-for-sale securities
                                  1,141             1,141  
                                                             
 
   
Total comprehensive loss
                                                            (789 )
 
Dividends
                            (1,063 )                 (1,063 )
 
Shares repurchased
    (15 )                                   (1,146 )     (1,146 )
 
Preferred stock redeemed
          (625 )                                   (625 )
 
Treasury stock issued for stock options and benefit plans
    3                   59                   110       169  
 
Treasury stock issued for special contribution
    4  </